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India

Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice (KAP) Study Under TARINA

The TATA-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition has been awarded a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to promote nutrition–sensitive food system in India that enhances the availability and affordability of diverse, high quality and nutrient rich foods for the rural poor; through the project known as Technical Assistance and Research for Indian Nutrition and Agriculture (TARINA). CARE India has been the implementing partner under TARINA for the project activities in Odisha across 72 villages in two districts i.e. Kandhamal and Kalahandi. The project commenced on November 2015 and is ongoing. Now that the project has reached its midline, CARE India intended to understand and assess the changes (desirable and undesirable) and impacts (positive and negative) of intervention made so far through conducting a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) study so that based on its recommendations, course correctional steps/actions can be taken to strengthen and maximize the positive impacts in the remaining years. The key objective of this study is to establish the impact of TARINA strategies on crop diversification and improved kitchen garden practices on diet diversity through technical assistance under TARINA project through assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of farmers. [64 pages] Read More...

TARINA Baseline Study for Interventions (TBSI)

After the Green Revolution in India the country could make available food sufficiency and the agricultural lands are dedicated to the staple grains wheat, rice and maize. But the conversion of diverse farmland into monoculture fields has come at the expense of micronutrient-rich crops, leaving much of the rural population chronically malnourished despite growing abundance in their midst . With an objective to boost the nutrition outcome at individual and women small holder household level in India, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) awarded grant to the Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition (TCI). TCI launched Technical Assistance and Research for Indian Nutrition and Agriculture (TARINA) in 2013 as a research initiative to develop solutions in a country where childhood stunting and anemia in women threaten long-term health and .
1. Provide technical assistance to make agricultural projects nutrition sensitive
2. Provide an evidence-driven pathway to policy reforms that promote availability and affordability of a more nutritious food system
3. Leadership and capacity increased to institutionalize nutrition sensitive agriculture in India

In Odisha, CARE India, a national level development organization, has been entrusted as an implementation partner for the TARINA project activities across 72 villages of the two districts of Kandhamal and Kalahandi.
As part of the project design, it has been planned to undertake a comprehensive intervention specific baseline study for establishing benchmarks, where concerned key components of the project could be measured to comprehend the outcomes and impacts that is committed in the project’s result framework. The design of the baseline study has been planned in two parts viz. TARINA Baseline Study (TBS) and TARINA Baseline Study for Interventions (TBSI). The TBS was undertaken by TCI while CARE India as an implementation partner was entrusted to implement TBSI to observe the changes among impact population due to each intervention Read More...

Livelihoods Improvement for Economic Security (LIFE)

CARE in collaboration with TEAVANA, initiated the Livelihood Improvement for Economic Security (LIFE) - Empowering Tribal Small Tea Growers Project with the aim to support, bring social change and economic security in the lives of 1076 tribal small tea growing households. Goal of the project was to improve the productivity and incomes of at least 1,000 tribal households involved in tea cultivation in the Kothagiri and Gudalur taluks of the Nilgiris district, Tamil Nadu. For project implementation, CARE partnered with two field organizations – Nilgiris Adivasi Welfare Association (NAWA) and Centre for Tribals and Rural Development (CTRD). [8 pages] Read More...

Impact Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation for Resilient Small Scale Tea Production Project

The objective of the proposed study is to assess the impact of the climate change adaptation for resilient small scale tea production project with respect to set indicators for improved tea production and make recommendations.

The study had covered 30 percent of the impact population covered under the project for data collection. 150 tribal tea farming households out of 500 tea farmers and 33 hamlets out of 76 hamlets were covered. The desk review of project reports, documents, IEC materials and in depth interview with project staff involved in project development and implementation, physical verification of farms for adoption of best practices using a check list and taking photographs, in-Depth interview with key stakeholders like UPASI, Tea board members and other government line departments involved in the project, structured Interview with the tribal farmer, household members who are members of VLG, received trainings, participated in the programs like demonstration plots, adopted best practices, focused group discussion with VLG male and female members separately to identify challenges faced in adopting the best practices were done as part of the study. [49 pages]
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Evaluation Report of Community Led Sanitation in Odisha

There is a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure and unhygienic practices facilitate the transmission of pathogens that cause diarrhoea, which accounts for 2 million child deaths annually in the world, about half of them in India. Globally 1.1 billion people, including an estimated 638 million in India alone, practice open defecation (OD). This is inextricably linked to the very low availability and use of toilets. In India, the 2011 census indicated that less than half (46.9%) of households (HH) have latrines within their premises. Disappointing results from incentive driven government schemes for toilet construction and increased political commitment to sanitation led the Government of India (GoI) to elevate achievement of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status to a national mission in 2014. India aims to achieve ODF status by 2019 through a mix of strategies that include financial incentives for HH toilet construction, recognition and rewards for villages that become ODF, and community led initiatives to mobilise behaviour change. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is one such community empowerment approach. CLTS seeks to raise awareness of the faecal-oral contamination route, by capitalising on human emotions of disgust and shame to bring about community-wide change in defecation practices, with the ultimate goal of triggering entire villages to become ODF. [86 pages] Read More...

Enhancing Mobile Populations Access to HIV and AIDS Services Information and Support (EMPHASIS) Endline Report

CARE’s Enhancing Mobile Population’s Access to HIV/AIDS Services Information and Support program (EMPHASIS) is a 5 year program, which began in 2009, implemented in CARE Country offices in India, Nepal and Bangladesh. EMPHASIS aims to address cross-border mobility-related vulnerabilities focusing primarily on HIV and AIDS and gender programing for mobile and at-risk populations. EMPHASIS is funded by the Big Lottery Fund, UK.
The CARE EMPHASIS project team identified key project and outcome indicators to measure the success of the project. These indicators were drawn from the project log-frame; EMHPASIS specifically designed its interventions to achieve measurable progress across these indicators. The primary goal of the end-line survey activity was to collect the required data to measure the progress of these key project and outcome indicators longitudinally to the baseline data and between purposefully selected control populations at the end-line activity. [67 pages]
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Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) Endline Report

CARE has mainly been involved in initiating interventions in the field of health, education and livelihood to improve life opportunities for women and children. Their past interventions have focused on maternal health and strengthening preschool education to improve children’s school readiness. Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) is the oldest and largest programme of the Government of India which aims to build holistic development of children ages below six years of age. It mainly focuses on health and nutrition needs and has a component of pre-school education for children aged 3-6 years.

CARE-India fulfilled this need of the ICDS programme in their project “Early Childhood Care and Development Project’ (ECCD). This project implemented in Chhattisgarh focuses towards strengthening five domains – Health, Nutrition, Care & Development, Rights & Protection and Economic strengthening and works with 5 levels – Child, Anganwadi Centre, Caregiver, Community and National. [153 pages] Read More...

Kutch Livelihood and Education Advancement Project (KLEAP) Endline Report

This endline study was an attempt for measuring the extent to which the stated goals and objectives of the K-LEAP had met and contributed towards increasing the income of the families, thereby resulting in improving the quality of the life. As highlighted across various sections of the report, it was observed that involvement in K-LEAP positively impacted the life of participants and also increased their household income. Various initiatives undertaken as a part of K-LEAP are sustainable and have the potential to be replicated in future. [65 pages] Read More...

Enhancing Mobile Populations Access to HIV and AIDS Services Information and Support (EMPHASIS) Baseline

There are a growing number of people migrating between Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Mobility has long been linked with heightened vulnerability to HIV & AIDS. While overall HIV prevalence is low in Bangladesh and Nepal, there is a growing concern that vulnerable mobile populations are forming a bridge between high prevalence areas of India and low prevalence areas in Bangladesh and Nepal. Enhancing Mobile Populations’ Access to HIV & AIDS Services Information and Support (EMPHASIS) is a regional program being implemented by CARE Bangladesh, CARE India and CARE Nepal and led by CARE International UK (CIUK) to reduce AIDS related vulnerabilities among mobile populations crossing the borders of Bangladesh and Nepal into India. This 5-year (August 2009 – July 2014) program, is funded by the Big Lottery Fund (BIG) of United Kingdom. [57 pages] Read More...

Start Early: Read in Time (SERT) Endline Report

Start Early: Read in Time is a CARE India Solution for Sustainable Development (CISSD) initiative in select districts of Uttar Pradesh and Odisha with an overall goal of improving “early grade reading skills of children (6-9 years of age), especially girls from marginalized Dalit and Adivasi communities in the formal primary schools in Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.”

In order to reach this goal of improving early grade reading in government schools, the project has been implementing innovate techniques in three districts in UP and one in Odisha since 2014. The project extended to two more districts in UP in 2016 and another district in Odisha in 2017. This report presents the findings of the endline study conducted in the initial four districts under the program, namely- Bahraich, Balrampur and Shravasti in UP and Mayurbhanj in Odisha. [86 pages]
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