Turkey

Rapid Gender Analysis North West Syria (Idleb and Aleppo)

This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) focused on gendered work practices and attitudes, access to services, protection and coping mechanisms. Past research indicated that the role of women has been further marginalised during the protracted conflict and there was gap in information around gender dynamics, trends, roles and responsibilities and power dynamics in Idleb. Understanding these trends and patterns helps to inform program activities and procedures, including how to better target women and girls in ways that are safe, equitable, and empowering within the local context. Information about effective male engagement is also required to understand what actions and processes are useful to help reinforce the work of supporting women, elderly women and men and adolescent women and men during the protracted crisis.
The RGA focused on the Aleppo and Idleb Governorates in North West Syria. The objectives are focused on capturing the approach that has worked in reaching and supporting vulnerable women and men of different ages under the Water, Sanitation and Health (WASH), shelter, rapid response, cash for work / livelihoods and protection sectors; analyse the level, type and extent of changes that have occurred and are taking place as a result of conflict and displacement at household and community levels in relation to gender and power differentials (structure, relations and agency) and the reasons / factors behind those changes,; review the functionality of formal or informal support structures established for Gender Based Violence (GBV) survivors of any age and to develop a set of actionable recommendations, short and medium-term, based on key findings. Read More...

SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND RIGHTS (SRHR) AND GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE (GBV) INTEGRATION RAPID NEEDS ASSESSMENT

Syrian Crisis, in its ninth year, continues to affect individuals as a result of its ongoing severity and complexity. In response to the needs of women and girls, CARE with its partners, has been implementing integrated programming of SRHR and GBV in Northwest Syria since 2015 at various health facilities and safe spaces designed for women and girls. To be able to assess the needs of women and girls as well as provide additional context in Syria, CARE embarked on a SRHR-GBV integration rapid needs assessment. The overall purpose of the assessment is to provide valid reliable information focusing on the SRHR and GBV related needs of women and girls affected by crisis in Syria and to inform decision-making on SRHR and GBV integrated programming on the way forward.

Select results:
The biggest barrier in accessing family planning services is family pressure (56.25%), followed by lack of availability of such services in nearby facilities (37.50%) and lack of awareness on such services including advantages and disadvantages of different methods (31.25%), according to health workers.
 * According to 44% of health workers, it is husband who makes decision over family planning.
* Physical violence is the most prevalent type of violence (88%) in the community, followed by verbal violence (56%) and economic violence (50%), according to health workers. Additionally, 63% of health workers acknowledged that girls get married at ages between 12-15. All respondents also confirmed that this age range has changed and the female marriage age range is younger since the crisis began.
* According to 56% of interviewed health workers, women and girls turn to women’s and girls’ safe spaces for receiving support in case of violence. Read More...

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICE SURVEY SOUTH EAST TURKEY

CARE International in Turkey began responding to the needs of Syrian refugees in Southern Turkey in October 2014. As of 27 November 2019, Turkey hosts 3,691,333 Syrian registered refugees, accounting for around 5% of total resident population in Turkey and over 365,000 refugees of other origins. Of that total, around 45.8% are females, with 21.4% of those female refugees are below the age of 18. A total of 62,216 individuals are hosted in 7 camps.

The impact of the now nine-year old conflict on Turkey’s economy, livelihoods, public infrastructure and services have been so profound that it is starting to affect inter-community cohesion. Off-camp refugees face several challenges linked to their ability to meet basic needs and are especially vulnerable to protection risks, forced to resort to negative coping mechanisms such as early marriage, child labour and reduction of meals since their original displacement.

CARE's experience in South East Turkey illustrated numerous gaps in access to services (education, health, legal), financial security, protection risks (child labour, sexual and GBV) and access to sufficient current information for the refugee population. Building on this CARE’s prior experience, we embarked on the Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) Survey to provide additional context and aims to understand the changes in the community as a result of CARE’s protection programming.

The overall purpose of the KAP/base-line assessment is to provide valid reliable information focusing on Syrian refugees’ knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and behaviors related to some crucial topics such as; child/early/forced marriage; gender-based violence; child protection; information and access to services and sexual and reproductive health. Read More...

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