Baseline

Baseline Study Report KHUSHAAL PROJECT 2019

CARE India in partnership with Alstom Foundation is implementing socio-developmental projects in 7 villages of District Madhepura, Bihar. Project Khushhaal is one among the many initiatives being undertaken in the identified villages. It aims to enhance the capabilities of women and girls (age 12 years and above) and youth in the age group of 18-35 years for resilient livelihoods and improved health outcomes through a participatory process.

The project aims to empower 1500 individuals (women and girls) from these 7 villages (Tuniyahi Uttarwadi, Tuniyahi Dakshinwadi, LakshmiRampur Chakla Uttarwadi, LakshmiRampur Chakla Dakshinwadi, Ganeshsthan, Shreepur Utarwadi and Shreepur Dakshinwadi) with better health and hygiene practices and have better preparedness for gainful employment opportunities

The study focused at 5 specific areas
1. Menstrual Hygiene related status and challenges
2. Health and Hygiene related situation in young Girls, Pregnant and Lactating women
3. Work and Communication Skills status of Adolescents and Youth
4. Work/Market situation of women Entrepreneurs
5. Social Scenario / Current Situation on Safe Space for Girls in community and social realization regarding it. Read More...

Tipping Point 2 Baseline Nepal

This report presents findings from the baseline survey of the CARE Tipping Point Program (TPP) impact evaluation in Nepal (May to July 2019), which is being undertaken in Kapilvastu and Rupandehi districts. CARE’s full Tipping Point Program—implemented in Nepal and Bangladesh—focuses on addressing the root causes of child, early, and forced marriage (CEFM) and on promoting the rights of adolescent girls through community-level programming and evidence generation. The approach of the CARE Tipping Point Program relies on challenging social expectations and repressive gender norms and promoting girl-centric and girl-led activism to enable adolescent girls to identify and to move into social spaces where they can challenge age-based and gender-based inequalities. The operational approach of the CARE Tipping Point Program entails the synchronized engagement of different participant groups—adolescent girls, adolescent boys, parents and community members, and community leaders—around four programmatic pillars: adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights, social-norms, girl-led movement-building, and alternative livelihoods. The Program supports the creation of public spaces for all community members to engage in the dialogue.
The Care Tipping Point Program impact evaluation in Nepal is being undertaken through a multi-institutional collaboration between implementing partners of the Gender Justice team at CARE USA and CARE Nepal with researchers in the Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University and Interdisciplinary Data Analysts (IDA) in Kathmandu, Nepal.
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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Bangladesh

Although the body of evidence on how to prevent child marriage is growing, its rate did not decline at a desirable pace. Previous interventions targeted many of the root causes of child marriage. However, despite wide recognition of the need to change pro-child marriage social norms, attempt to study the impact of social norms change in addressing child marriage was rarely investigated or not investigated well. Lack of understanding of social norms and how to change them effectively impedes development of effective and sustainable child marriage prevention programs. Moreover, for most of the interventions, there were no rigorous evaluations. Furthermore, the interventions that had strong evaluation designs did not necessarily focus on social norms change. It is against this background that the current research employs a cluster randomized controlled trial (CRCT) to evaluate Tipping Point (TP), an integrated social norms intervention designed by CARE to address child marriage in Bangladesh. This report presents findings from the baseline survey. The report focuses on assessing the rates of child marriage in TP study areas and decision making ability of the adolescent girls. Read More...

Women in Enterprise Phase II – Taking Enterprise Development for Women Empowerment to Scale – BASELINE STUDY REPORT

Care CIV through Care Nederland has received funding from the H & M Foundation to implement the Women in Enterprise project. This project has two phases, one of which is more focused on entrepreneurship training for women from VSLA groups and women's associations and awareness raising on women's entrepreneurship that has been implemented from June 2015 to March 2017.

In the second phase of the project, which began on April 1, 2017, credits will be granted to beneficiaries for the launch or development of their activities. However, before deploying the package of activities planned during this phase, a baseline study was conducted to get an idea of the situation or environment of the beneficiaries. The results of this study will serve as a basis for establishing the project's performance indicators and measuring the effects and impact of the project over time. Read More...

Somalia Resilience Program Third Party Monitoring: Baseline Study

The Somalia Resilience Program (SomReP) is a consortium of seven Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), the activities of which aim to enhance the resilience of vulnerable households and communities in Southern Somalia against cyclical shocks and stressors. This report serves as the baseline for the Third Party Monitoring (TPM) of SomReP in two districts in South and Central Somalia: Afgooye and Baidoa. The TPM study is undertaken by Forcier Consulting on behalf of SomReP, with the aim to rigorously monitor the progress and outcomes of the program.

The data indicates that resilience differed among livelihood groups (agro-pastoralist, pastoralists, and peri-urban), between women and men, and across seasons. This means that program approaches should take these differences into account when targeting groups for various interventions. For instance, people in peri-urban areas tended to have less diverse diets, while pastoralists tend to engage in more severe and frequent coping strategies. Out of the different livelihood types, pastoralists were also the most likely to report no access to risk transfer or sharing. Further, women tended to have less diverse incomes than men and incomes tend to be lowest in the dry season of Jilaal, the season in which most agriculture-related work was replaced with unskilled work. These findings indicate that women should be more frequently targeted for income diversity interventions, and pastoralists should be targeted with interventions that aim to increase social safety nets, such as risk sharing.

Capacities to deal with stressors in both the short and long-term were low across the targeted areas. Natural resource management (NRM) was poor in both districts and in and across communities. Sustainable access to natural resources is an important factor in ensuring long-term resilience and should therefore receive more attention across the communities. Response capacities were also absent across the communities. Only 9.7 of all respondents said their community had a community-based early warning system in place. Further, only 5.7% of the respondents said community initiatives existed that aimed to access support from sub-national and national institutions and authorities to respond to and cope with the recurrent shocks and stressors. Hence, moving forward, the program should ensure a focus of combined approaches to achieve improvements in system-wide resilience. Read More...

Zimbabwe OFDA Baseline 2018

CARE International in Zimbabwe is implementing a 12-month OFDA funded project in Gwanda and
Beitbridge district of Matabeleland South Province. The area is characterized by extensive farming ,where
livestock production is domineering and small grains production is the gateway to maintaining food
security levels. The current funding opportunity through OFDA aims to address the immediate agricultural
and financial needs of the most vulnerable households to recover from: the impact of successive drought
years, erratic rainfalls, mid-season dry spells, and prevent potential food insecurity. The declining
macroeconomic conditions and lack of development at the national level have compounded the impact
of the droughts and hindered recovery resulting in negative coping strategies as the majority of vulnerable
households are selling productive assets (mainly livestock) through the previous season and consequently
ad libitum before the coming farming season. Read More...

BASELINE SURVEY AND GENDER ANALYSIS FOR “STAND UP, SPEAK OUT: BREAKING THE SILENCE AROUND GENDER BASED VIOLENCE AMONG ETHNIC MINORITY COMMUNITIES IN NORTHERN VIETNAM”

CARE Vietnam (CVN) in coordination with stakeholders is implementing the Project titled Stand Up, Speak Out: Breaking the silence around gender based violence among ethnic minority communities in Northern Vietnam, which is a part CARE’s Remote Ethnic Minority Women’s Program. In CVN’s programming, Gender based violence (GBV) is considered as one of the three focus thematic areas. Within the REMW Program, GBV will be addressed through three dimensions: a) Protection (legal protection, literacy, reform), b) Prevention and Response (engaging with initiatives of others, promoting access to services), and c) expanding the scope of the national agenda to focus on GBV. ”Stand Up, Speak Out” project (SUSO) aims to promote all of the three dimensions for addressing GBV: Protection (legal protection, literacy, reform), through Prevention and Response (engaging with initiatives of others, promoting access to services) and through expanding the scope of the national agenda to focus on GBV.
Proposed actions will challenge the harmful gender norms that accept and normalize GBV in ethnic minority communities, by taking a multi-level, multi-sectoral approach. The project will tackle the taboo nature of GBV by increasing the awareness and understanding about GBV among ethnic minority community members, authorities and service providers. It will work with service providers to improve the support services available for ethnic minority survivors of GBV. At the policy level the project will strengthen implementation of the National Action Plan on GBV through the development of tools and processes that align with the National Action Plan’s priorities and by undertaking advocacy in partnership with an alliance of Vietnamese civil society organisations (CSOs). The project will use a rights based approach to tackle intersectional discrimination by targeting ethnic minority groups in remote and rural areas and being sensitive to GBV survivors with disabilities.
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Etude de base de l’Initiative Maman Lumière II de CARE Niger

L’enquête Maman Lumière a eu lieu du 14 au 27 octobre (conduite par sept (7) équipes de collecte dans la zone d’intervention du projet notamment dans les districts de Mirriah (Dogo et Droum) et Madarouumfa (Gabi et Safo). Elle vise à établir une situation de référence sur les indicateurs d’effets et d’impact du projet. Ce qui permettra d’apprécier, à d’autres étapes de la vie du projet, les changements intervenus dans les conditions de vie des bénéficiaires notamment en matière de lutte contre la malnutrition des enfants de moins de cinq (5) ans.
La méthodologie utilisée pour cette étude est basée sur un sondage par grappe à deux (2) degrés et de type panel. Les populations cibles sont définies selon les modules: les enfants de 6 à 59 mois et les femmes de 45 à 49 pour l’anthropométrie, les enfants de 0 à 23 mois pour l’ANJE, les enfants de 0 à 11 mois pour la vaccination. La collecte des données a été effectuée sur des tablettes avec l’application ODK (Open Data Kit). Au total, 78 villages ont été consernés par la collecte des données.
Principaux résultats
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RAPPORT D’EVALUATION INITIALE DU PROJET « PROGRAMME INTEGRE D’ASSAINISSEMENT D’ANTANANARIVO (PIAA} – Volet Mission D’Actions de proximité via des ONGs»

CARE, à travers le Programme Intégré d’Assainissement d’Antananarivo (PIAA), met en oeuvre le projet «Volet Mission D'Action de proximité via des ONGs» dans 12 fokontany au niveau des quartiers vulnérables de la Commune Urbaine d’Antananarivo pendant 3 ans.
L’intervention consistera à:
1. Appuyer et sensibiliser les communautés locales pour le bon fonctionnement et l'entretien des infrastructures d'assainissement et principalement ceux réalisés dans le cadre du PIAA. Ces actions font référence en Particulier au problème de dépôt des déchets solides dans les canaux de drainage des quartiers qui pénalisent leur hydraulicité;
2. Sensibiliser la population locale en matière d'hygiène et de santé Publique, contribuant à réduire les risques sanitaires liées à la gestion des eaux usées ;
3. Proposer des activités liées à 1a réduction des risques et catastrophes, utiles pour réagir efficacement lors des évènements d'inondations.
L’objectif visent la pérennisation des acquis dans le cadre du PIAA (investissements, renforcement de capacités, améliorations obtenues en matière d’assainissement), en contribuant à l’intensification des prises de responsabilité des structures communautaires et des collectivités, ainsi qu’à la prise de conscience citoyenne des individus, face aux problèmes d’inondation et de gestion des eaux usées au sein de 12 fokontany au niveau des quartiers vulnérables de la Commune Urbaine d’Antananarivo.
En ce début du projet, CARE procédera à une évaluation initiale qui sera dirigée par un évaluateur externe et utilisera des méthodes qualitatives et quantitatives afin d'établir les points de référence par rapport auxquels les progrès de tous les indicateurs seront mesurés. Il mettra également en évidence les opportunités et les défis potentiels de l'application des approches proposées pour mieux informer la mise en oeuvre du projet. Read More...

Nourishing the Future Project: Baseline Study

Conceptually the "Nourishing the Future" project is positioned in the Cargill - CARE alliance with the “purpose to contribute to food and nutrition security in sustainable environmental conditions, while ensuring that farmers (men and women) and their families, obtain an improvement in their livelihoods and income.”

The conceptual orientation enables the project in Guatemala, which begins its Third Phase, to generate conditions, through the development of skills and competences in families and communities participating in the project, the development of resilience to face the effects of climate change. It seeks sustainable long-term changes so that families living in extreme poverty surpass their current state. Its main topic of work and intervention "income generation through the development of agricultural value chains (mini vegetables: green beans and blackberries) and micro entrepreneurs linked to the Cargill supply chain."

This document contains the Baseline Report of the "Nourishing the Future" Project, which begins its Third Phase in Guatemala. Read More...

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