Baseline study

POWER Africa Burundi Rolling Baseline Report

POWER Africa, CARE’s Promoting Economic Opportunities for Women’s Empowerment in Rural Africa Project, is a $13 million, four-year project, funded by the MasterCard Foundation which aims to increase financial inclusion in Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia and Rwanda through the Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) approach, financial education, and linking mature groups to formal financial institutions, while also creating a platform for sharing lessons learned within and between the four target countries. Three years into the project, in Burundi there are 102,098 VSLA members in 4,432 groups.
This study, using 18 trained enumerators in six groups, carried out 290 1:1 interviews with young women in VSLAs, examining their lives before VSLAs and now. Also, 130 non-VSLA members were interviewed as a control. Additional evidence was gathered from several VSLA and non-VSLA focus groups. [42 pages] Read More...

POWER Africa Cote d’Ivoire Rolling Baseline Report 2017

POWER Africa, CARE’s Promoting Economic Opportunities for Women’s Empowerment in Rural Africa Project, is a USD $13 million, 4-year project, funded by the MasterCard Foundation which aims to increase financial inclusion in Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia and Rwanda through the VSLA approach, while also creating a platform for sharing lessons learned within and between the four target countries.

Three years into the project there are 141,294 VSLA members in 6,433 groups.

This panel study, using 17 trained enumerators in six groups according to zones, carried out 360 1:1 interviews with VSLA members, examining their lives before VSLAs and now. Also interviewed as a control were 204 non-VSLA members. Additional evidence was gathered from a number of VSLA and non-VSLA focus groups. [26 pages]
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Nutrition at the Center Baseline Benin/Togo

The baseline study for the initiative « Nutrition at the Centre » in its intervention area (Bonou, Dangbo) and in the monitoring areas (Athiémé, Grand-Popo), suggests that there are many innovative actions to be implemented by CARE Benin/Togo and by Benin Government with the support of technical and financial partners. The different strategies established will strengthen the households’ means of access to basic services (e.g. water, sanitation ), women empowerment and access to health care for mothers and children. It will help the population to ensure food and nutritional security. These actions must be implemented based on the results of the study. Read More...

Empowering Women to Claim Inheritance Rights WIN Project

Women’s lack of access to and control over property and women’s inheritance rights are global issues. Women’s lack of control over land and property places them at a significant disadvantage in terms of securing a place to live, maintaining a means for survival and accessing economic opportunities. Inheritance law is one of the few areas of law that is largely derived from the Quran. As such, it’s been subject to minimal contestation by legal reformers. Egypt complex inheritance rules are mainly expounded in Law no.77 of 19431. The Constitution of 1971 protects women’s rights to own property and inheritance and this is detailed in the Civil Code which govern property ownership and which affirms the right to own. However, the reasons why women do not inherit are complicated. Inheritance is a fundamental issue with regard to how wealth is transferred within a society, and it directly relates to the protection of a woman’s housing and land. In other words, it is not only an issue of establishing the necessary legal frameworks that allow women to own and inherit property, although this element is certainly crucial. Gender-biased policies, customary law, traditions, social norms and attitudes that women cannot and should not own housing, land and property independently from a man, all serve to prevent women from realizing their rights to inherit. With the overall objective of achieving gender equality, CARE is launching in Assiut and Sohag governorates, Upper Egypt “Empowering Women to Claim Inheritance
Rights” (WIN), a three years project co-funded with the European Union and the Austrian Development Cooperation. Goal of the project is to provide local women with greater access to and control over economic rights, resources and opportunities. The proposed action to contribute to this long term goal is the involvement and the empowerment of actors at community and governorate levels to work coherently through an integrated approach to facilitate women's access to inheritance rights and to enable them to better manage their property and assets in Assiut and Sohag Governorates. The current study conducted by Beit Al Karma Consulting is intended to provide the baseline information to contribute to WIN project’s implementation, determine the awareness messages to be sent out and set the ground to measure project future impact and outcomes. [35 pages] Read More...

Enhancing Mobile Populations Access to HIV and AIDS Services Information and Support (EMPHASIS) Baseline

There are a growing number of people migrating between Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Mobility has long been linked with heightened vulnerability to HIV & AIDS. While overall HIV prevalence is low in Bangladesh and Nepal, there is a growing concern that vulnerable mobile populations are forming a bridge between high prevalence areas of India and low prevalence areas in Bangladesh and Nepal. Enhancing Mobile Populations’ Access to HIV & AIDS Services Information and Support (EMPHASIS) is a regional program being implemented by CARE Bangladesh, CARE India and CARE Nepal and led by CARE International UK (CIUK) to reduce AIDS related vulnerabilities among mobile populations crossing the borders of Bangladesh and Nepal into India. This 5-year (August 2009 – July 2014) program, is funded by the Big Lottery Fund (BIG) of United Kingdom. [57 pages] Read More...

PCTFI Baseline Study Report 2015

PCTFI baseline study explored the existing barriers and opportunities for increased girls` participation, leadership and continuation of girls` education. It also investigated the existing and possible roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders who are important to improve the situation. Baseline data has been categorized under 27 key queries which have been summarized here into three parts; barriers and opportunities of girls` participation, underneath reasons behind not transforming into secondary education, an exploration of social and gender norms among the parents, SMCs, teachers and boys. It has also examined the attendance, dropout, promotion and progression rate of the students to explore the present scenario of girls` education both in primary education and transition to secondary level. According the PCTFI baseline study most of the girl students informed that they do not have adequate opportunities to participate in the school activities. Baseline data also shows very low participation of the girls in the extracurricular activities in school and lack of social environment for girls. Lack of encouraging environment and poor leadership capacity are pushing back the girls’ from school. Data shows the average score regarding participation and leadership is 1.7 out of 4 which depicts low participation and leadership of the girl students. In addition, a conducive environment at home to study is one of the hindrances that the study revealed. Distance from home and shortage of secondary school in the community is another significant barrier for the continuation of girl education. During the baseline study (2015) most of the parents and SMC members informed that while primary school is available almost in every village, secondary school is far from home. It has been also noted that the unsafe way to school aggravated by long distance from home thus parents are not interested to send their daughters to the secondary school. Baseline data also shows high score among boys and girls including parents regarding aspiration for higher study however, school data shows low attendance of both boys and girls especially of the fourth and fifth graders. Having 22.33 school days girls and boys attended an average of 14 and 11 days respectively which indicates lack of enthusiasm of the parents regarding their children`s education. On the other hands, Government’s limitation in attracting good teaching staffs, there is an evident inadequacy in the teaching capacities in general as well as specific to incorporating gender parity in teaching methods. Social norms continue to socialize teachers who are yet to believe in the concept of girls’ emancipation and leadership. Most of the girls do not enjoy fearless environment and usually hesitate to speak out in front of teacher. Teacher involved girl students in the gender stereotype activities which indicated poor understanding of gender parity among teachers. [31 pages] Read More...

Where the Rain Falls Phase III Baseline Study

Bangladesh is frequently cited as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change (Huq and Ayers, 2007) because of its disadvantageous geographic location; flat and low-lying topography; high population density; high levels of poverty; reliance of many livelihoods on climate sensitive sectors, particularly agriculture and fisheries; and inefficient institutional aspects (CCC, 2006). Considering the above scenarios of climate change risks and as a part of initiative to address the effect of climate change, CARE Bangladesh has started implementing the project “Where the Rain Falls (WtRF III)”generously funded by Prince Albert Foundation. The project is mainly based on Community Based Adaptation (CBA) and aims at improving the resilience of targeted vulnerable and marginalized communities to the impacts of increasing variability of rainfall patterns by promoting SuPER (Sustainable, Profitable, Equitable and Resilient) agriculture approach. CARE has been implementing the WtRF project in Kurigram district since January 2014 and WtRF Phase III which started from January 2017has built on the earlier phase of the project. The WtRF Phase III project focuses on climate resilient agriculture and targets 6,500 small and marginalized farmers in 20 villages (2,500 from previous phase in 5 villages and an additional 4,000 small and marginalized farmers from additional 15 villages in Kurigram). [101 pages] Read More...

Women and Girls Empowerment (WAGE) II & Supporting Adolescent Girls Empowerment (SAGE) Baseline

CARE Tanzania's Women and Girls Empowerment (WAGE) and Supporting Adolescent Girls Empowerment (SAGE) Program goals is social and economic empowerment of marginalized women and girls. The primary target group is those women and girls who are especially poor and/or excluded more often than other groups. The program design is deliberately linked to CARE Tanzania's strategic focus on governance as a key impediment to equitable and effective development. The program uses a proven community based group savings and loans methodology (MMD) as an entry point to mobilize group members to address a wide range of constraints to the social and economic empowerment of marginalized women and girls. [354 pages] Read More...

Forest Resources Sector Transparency Programme (FOREST) Baseline

To ensure that good forest governance takes root, CARE International in Uganda is implementing a five year Forest Resources Sector Transparency Programme (FOREST) in Uganda in Partnership with Joint Effort to Save the Environment (JESE), Anti-Corruption Coalition Uganda (ACCU), Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE), Environment Alert, Panos Eastern Africa (PANOSEA), and Community Development Resource Network (CDRN). At the start of the programme CARE and her partners deemed it necessary to conduct baseline studies to establish benchmarks for measuring programme impacts with the following broad objectives:
i) To assess level of stakeholder awareness and participation in forestry legislation monitoring
ii) To determine the level of accountability, transparency and responsiveness of duty bearers with regard to forest governance issues
iii) To assess the existence and functionality of District/inter-district ENR forums, networks and alliances in their involved in forest governance issues at Sub-national and National levels
iv) To assess the level of media coverage of forest governance issues at district and national levels
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Integrated Emergency Response Program Baseline

The CARE International in Uganda is implementing three projects through funding from the Australian Development Agency (ADA), Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA) and Global Affairs Canada (GAC). The NMFA and GAC are being implemented in Rhino Extension, Omugo Settlement while ADA is operating in Imvepi settlement. The projects are designed to address core protection pillars in the refugee programing and emergency response that are in tandem with part of CARE’s priority interventions areas that targets reduction in vulnerability of refugees and host communities, through the promotion of human dignity, increased resilience, and improved protection. [57 pages] Read More...

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