Gender Equality

Partenariat Contre le Trafic, l’Exploitation des Enfants et les Violences faites aux Filles aux Femmes (PACTE)

This evaluation of the Project “Partnership Against Trafficking, Exploitation and Violence Against Girls and Women (PACTE for Children and Women)” comes at the end of 36 months of implementation of activities carried out in the project. Read More...

Programme de Renforcement des Capacites D’Action des Femmes (RECAFEM)

The Capacity Building Program for Women's Action (RECAFEM), also known as “Swiss Support for the Empowerment of Women (ASAF)” of the Swiss Cooperation in Benin, started in 2003, aims to support national efforts to reduce gender inequalities at the social, cultural, legal and economic levels. This program, which ended in 2019, has been carried out for 16 years, in 4 successive phases and without interruption. The 4th and final phase, hereinafter referred to as RECAFEM 4, runs from June 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019. This program supported the development of the legislative, regulatory and institutional frameworks of Benin with regard to the promotion of women and gender equality. Apart from the education and health sectors, where the implementation of these national policies and strategies relating to the reduction of discrimination and gender inequalities has led to significant changes and impacts, the acceleration of the implementation is a high necessity in other sectors of socio-economic development. Read More...

Ethnic Minority Women’s Empowerment in Vietnam

Women in remote ethnic communities in Vietnam are not equally benefiting from the remarkable economic growth over the past decade. They experience high levels of poverty, unequal participation in economic opportunities, limited options to adapt to changes in the climate, and have a limited voice in decisions that affect them. CARE’s Ethnic Minority Women’s Empowerment project (EMWE), supported by Australian Aid, works with ethnic minority women to overcome these challenges. Read More...

CARE Gender Analysis Afghanistan July 2020

Women in Afghanistan face considerable socio-economic, political and power barriers. Gender-based inequality is extensive in the country – decades of conflict, poverty and conservative patriarchal norms limit Afghan women and girls’ freedom of movement, decision-making power and access to health, education, and other basic services and resources. The situation is more dire for women and girls in IDP settlements and contexts. Even though the current Afghan government is publicly committed to women’s rights and empowerment, women continue to face significant gender-based discrimination, bias and violence.

In line with the CARE global strategy, CARE Afghanistan considers gender equality and women empowerment as a primary mission. Promoting a life free from violence and tackling and reducing gender-based violence (GBV) are key strategies for CARE and, with this analysis, CARE Afghanistan intends to explore gender roles and responsibilities and power dynamics within internally displaced person (IDP), returnee and host communities in Herat and Badghis provinces. This research engaged 61 people in key informant and in-depth interviews from Herat and Badghis provinces including community members, community leaders, and representatives from government offices and NGOs. The findings from this analysis intend to contribute to and inform humanitarian, civil society, NGO and government authorities in their programming, policy and overall interventions in the target communities.

This research provides clear evidence that women in the target communities experience considerable levels of domestic violence, perpetrated by close relatives and have extremely low levels of awareness of and capacity to access available GBV support and referral services. 100% of female and 75% of male respondents from Badghis, and 75% of female and 89% of male respondents from Herat agreed that women, boys and girls have experienced violence in their communities. Respondents indicated that the main perpetrators of violence across the two provinces are fathers (33% in Herat, 34% in Badghis) and brothers (33% in Herat and 23% in Badghis). In Herat, 16% of respondents reported that husbands were perpetrators whereas in Badghis, mothers were the third most common perpetrator identified at 14% followed by husbands at 8%. It is clear from the results of this research that women experience violence from many more sources than men. Key informants identified poverty, culture and customs, lack of education and illiteracy, migration, unemployment, political insecurity, narcotics and the lack of information about rights and the law among the main causes of violence. Read More...

Labor Market Survey and Value Chains Assessment – Final Report for LAMP Project

Livelihood improvement and value chain development are one of the most important focus areas of external aid in Afghanistan, as poverty has increased in Afghanistan over time due to protracted conflict. Afghanistan Living Conditions Survey (2016-17) shows that rural poverty stood at 58.6% in 2016-17. Reduction in donor aid together with population increase have contributed to this increase in poverty. Ongoing conflict in the country has resulted in internal displacement of populations from insecure remote areas and influx of returnees from neighboring countries to major urban centers. In this context, Care Afghanistan is implementing the Livelihood Advancement for the Marginalized Populations (LAMP) project in four urban centers (Balkh, Ghazni, Kabul, Khost) of Afghanistan for the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)/returnees, especially for male and female youth. The project comprises four components covering activities in agriculture, livestock, vocational training/business development services and school-to-work transition.

The project planned to conduct a Labor Market Survey (LMS) to identify priority sectors with potential for growth and wage employment, identify challenges in finding jobs and move forward with proposed recommendations to overcome the challenges. Another related objective was to identify business opportunities, growth potential, and constraints of micro, small, and medium enterprises, and make recommendations to mitigate their constraints. Along the LMS, the project also planned to conduct a Value Chains Assessment (VCA). Objective of the VCA is to identify promising related businesses for upgradation as value chains. To meet these objectives, the project commissioned this LMS and VCA study. Read More...

Latin America and the Caribbean rapid gender analysis for COVID-19

Women and girls across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are facing a terrifying mix of increased domestic violence and care burden, as well as a lower access to income and jobs, and potential social unrest as a result of the coronavirus outbreaks.

The LAC region has the highest levels of inequality in the world, with wide gaps in living standards across countries, regions, sectors, and socioeconomic spheres. When coupled with the pervasive gender inequality that persists, the response to Covid-19 in LAC becomes immeasurably more complicated. CARE International and UN Women joined forces in Latin America, and the Caribbean on this report which presents a series of recommendations aimed at ensuring a more effective gender-inclusive response in the region. The Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) for COVID-19 is a tool designed to provide information about the different needs, risks, capacities, and coping strategies of women, men, boys, girls, and gender-diverse people during the COVID-19 crisis. This RGA is part of the iterative RGA process for the LAC region and is intended as a programming tool for humanitarian actors. Read More...

Rapid Gender Analysis CARE Morocco (English, French)

This analysis is based on a qualitative survey carried out in the field with the various beneficiaries of CARE Morocco's projects. A questionnaire was developed for the occasion and completed through phone calls by the field teams in different intervention areas of CIM. It should be noted that the survey did not focus on a large number of respondents, but rather on qualitative responses with the leaders of CARE Morocco beneficiary groups such as Village Savings and Loans Associations, cooperatives, educators from the education sector, and other partner associations at the local level. Secondary data were also drawn from various national reports and studies, in particular those conducted by the High Commission for Planning and the National Observatory for Human Development. Read More...

Gender Implications of Cash Transfers in Malawi

The government of Malawi operates a national safety net program targeting the poorest 10% of the population with unconditional cash transfers and the next poorest 15% with conditional cash transfers through a Cash for Work (CfW) program and vouchers for subsidized agricultural inputs. In 2019 the Government, with support from development partners, has started implementation of an ultra-poor graduation program in nine districts which support ultra-poor households with livelihood grants and complementary services. This safety net is designed to quickly scale to more people or to provide more money to existing participants in case of emergencies.
CARE Malawi set out to identify the gendered implications of this cash programming and how participants’ experiences of cash transfers affected gender equality. To do so, CARE used a combination of literature review and primary data collection with stakeholder consultations, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions (FGDs) at national, district, and community levels. Because of the large-scale cash response to Cyclone Idai in 2019—largely operated through international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)—the study also compared gendered impacts of the government program and NGO humanitarian response. Read More...

Analyse Rapide Genre pour COVID-19 Niger

Le Covid-19 est une nouvelle souche de coronavirus (CoV) n´ayant pas été précédemment identifiée chez l'homme. L'épidémie à Covid-19 s'est propagée à l'échelle mondiale depuis son premier signalement et elle a été déclarée une urgence de santé publique de portée internationale (USPPI), classé le 11 mars 2020 parmi les pandémies.

Cette situation de crise sanitaire a un impact certain sur le système de santé nigérien et sur son économie, mais aussi et principalement sur la vie des populations nigériennes déjà bouleversées par d´autres chocs et stress. Au Niger l'impact de la pandémie est encore exacerbé par la crise sécuritaire, la violence continue et les urgences humanitaires.

L´expérience tirée des épidémies précédentes confirme que l´impact des crises est différent chez les femmes, les hommes, les filles et les garçons, et que les réponses qui mettent en place des dispositifs incluant les aspects séxoespécifiques permettent de maintenir le bien être des personnes et évitent que les ménages sombrent dans la pauvreté et l´exclusion. Les analyses des effets et impacts de ces crises ont permis d´identifier des points forts et des vulnérabilités que nous ne devons pas oublier en ce moment.

Les études faites ont tendance à conclure que les inégalités de genre et autres inégalités s’aggravent souvent pendant une crise, mais en réalité les évidences montrent que les crises révèlent les inégalités structurelles et systémiques préexistantes qui causent lors d´une crise plusieurs types et niveau d’impacts sur les personnes selon leurs groupes d´appartenance.

Malheureusement, ces inégalités ne sont pas systématiquement incluses dans les réponses aux crises. CARE International et Le projet GenCap au Niger ont senti la nécessité de conduire une analyse rapide genre pour mettre en évidence les impacts sexospécifiques de la pandémie de Covid-19 pouvant informer l´équipe humanitaire pays (EHP) dans la réponse au Covid-19.

Ce rapport est destiné à l´équipe humanitaire. Il est organisé autour de grands thèmes et domaines d’intérêt particulièrement importants pour ceux dont la programmation fait progresser l’égalité des sexes. Il cherche à approfondir l’analyse de genre disponible en tirant des enseignements des données disponibles sur le genre pour l’urgence de santé publique Covid-19.
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Estudio de la Linea de Base del Proyecto “Ella Alimenta al Mundo – Perú”

El presente documento constituye el Informe Final del estudio de Línea de Base del Proyecto “ELLA ALIMENTA AL MUNDO – PERÚ” (Componente 2 - Desarrollo Económico), desarrollado por el equipo consultor de Mi Chacra, de acuerdo con los términos de referencia de CARE Perú y de otros requerimientos que se agregaron a los mismos, desde septiembre hasta diciembre de 2019.
Por definición, se elabora el presente estudio con el objetivo de contar con una Línea de Base que permita medir por comparación los resultados y el impacto del mencionado proyecto (desarrollado en alianza institucional con PepsiCo), cuyos ejes fundamentales se encuentran en el apoyo a mujeres agricultoras y sus familias en tres regiones del Perú (Piura, Lima e Ica): en este contexto, el proyecto proveerá educación, recursos y apoyo económico para ayudarlas a aumentar el rendimiento de sus cultivos, sus ingresos y el acceso a la nutrición a nivel local (Nutrición es el Componente 1 del proyecto). Read More...

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