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Agriculture|Natural Resources|Environment

Promoting Land Rights for Ethnic Minority People in Vietnam

This evaluation is considered an external assessment that serves both accountability and learning purposes. The methodology employed is qualitative, and the evaluation scope covers five dimensions i.e. relevant, effectiveness, impact, sustainability and efficiency in consideration of the evaluation standards of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development/Development Assistant Committee (OECD/DAC).
The combination of various approaches was used to guide the preparation and implementation of the evaluations. That includes right-based, result-based, process-outcome, goal free, performance audit, need-based, participatory and independent approaches.
Key informant interviews (KIIs), Focus Groups, Group Interviews, Case Studies, field observations and Desk Reviews were key data collection methods. Triangulation and cross checking were the key techniques to consolidate and ensure the rigour of findings. Field studies were conducted in Hanoi, Lao Cai, Quang Binh and Kon Tum. In total, 57 informants participated in the evaluation representing village communities, LandNet, local authorities, CSOs, policy makers, and project holders. Informants representing different stakeholders were selected after desk review and consultation with project holders. [45 pages]
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Projet de Résilience Inclusive et Durable des Agriculteurs et Pasteurs du Mali (RIDAP)

Le secteur de l’agriculture et l’élevage est fortement fragmenté, prédominé par l'agriculture de subsistance et l’élevage extensif itinérant. Selon le dernier recensement agricole de 2004, le Mali compte environ 800.000 fermes qui emploient 8,9 millions de personnes. La plupart sont des petites exploitations. Soixante-huit % des producteurs travaillent sur des exploitations inférieures à 5 hectares (ha), tandis que 18 % disposent de 5 à 10 hectares de terres, mais manquent de matériel indispensable à leur activité. L’effectif du cheptel est estimé à 11 419 900 bovins, 17 400 000 ovins, 24 023 800 caprins, 561 500 équins, 1 099 900 asins et 1 192 900 camelins selon la DNPIA en 2017 avec un PIB au prix curant pour l’élevage et la pêche estimé à 1 214 milliards de F CFA contre 3 412 milliards pour tous le secteur primaire. En outre, une grande partie du réseau de pistes rurales qui permet l'accès au bassin de production agricole, n'est pas praticable pendant la saison des pluies, ce qui empêche les producteurs d'accéder aux marchés urbains et d'exportation. Ce qui fait que les exploitations agricoles familiales restent en marge des opportunités de croissance. Derrière cette absence d'intégration des exploitations agricoles familiales au détriment d'une plus grande productivité - chaines de valeur créatrices et génératrices de valeur (notamment à travers la transformation de produits), se cache également un faible niveau d'organisation et de capacité des marchés. Ces conditions n’existent pas seulement au sein des marchés, où les plus grands opérateurs sont souvent absents, mais également au sein des organisations interprofessionnelles, coopératives et autres groupes professionnels. [54 pages] Read More...

Soybean Cultivation Practices Cargill PROSPER

Despite initiatives undertaken by some national and international organizations towards creating an enabling environment for soybean smallholders, most of such initiatives have been deficient in evaluating proper and improper current farming practices, which could have contributed to further reforming of this cultivation. Therefore, CARE International adopted the idea of preparing a study to measure and evaluate practices of soybean cultivation in the governorates of Minya, Beni Suef and Dakahliya. By using criteria and indicators of the reality and specificity of the soybean sector in Egypt, helping monitor and measure the form and degree of practices in order to identify problems, in such practices, suffered by smallholders and to find solutions that best suit them. [53 pages] Read More...

Evaluation d’Impact du Projet D’Etablissement des Cultures Vivrières

La présente évaluation commanditée par CGOZA, se rapporte à l’établissement des cultures vivrières en zone sahélienne et soudano sahélienne au Mali. Dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre des activités de recherche/action de technologies éprouvées relatives à l’établissement des cultures, l’Institut d’Economie Rural et le Groupe de Coordination des Zones Arides, ont mené des actions de Recherche/Développement auprès des producteurs de cultures vivrières des régions de Koulikoro, Ségou et Mopti. Certaines ONG membres de GCOZA Mali ont bénéficié des financements auprès de NORAD pour mener la mise en œuvre d’une phase de diffusion. Read More...

Baseline Study Right to Food Nepal

Right to Food Project (RtF Project) is a six year project being implemented in Siraha, Udayapur and Okhaldhunga from January 2014. The project will be implemented in partnership with Right to Food Network, Community Self Reliance Centre and National Farmers Groups Federation. The impact groups for the project are small holder and landless farmers with a focus on women and other marginalized groups. [117 pages] Read More...

Right to Food Nepal Midterm

This report presents the results of the midterm review of the Right to Food (RtF) project implemented by CARE Nepal from 2013 to 2017. The review aimed at assessing the project’s performance against its impact goal and domains of change and to make operational recommendations for the second phase of the project. Outcome mapping was also used as a methodological framework for this Mid Term Review. Data collection tools included focus groups, interviews, reflection workshops and collection of most significant change stories. Respondents included representatives from the impact groups (landless and small holder farmers), strategic partners, beneficiaries of small grant programme, technical partners (LIBIRD), CARE Nepal RtF project team and CARE DK. [60 pages] Read More...

Improving Agricultural Production and Access to Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Drought Affected Populations Project

The Masvingo El Nino Recover Project was implemented by CARE in Zimbabwe with funding from the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA). The programme/project goal was to provide immediate assistance and recovery to drought affected populations in Masvingo Province through asset (livestock) protection, access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and improved agricultural production. Specifically, the project aimed to:
 Improve agricultural production and productivity among smallholder farmers in marginal areas prone to drought
 Build household and community economic activities through establishing and strengthening Village Savings and Lending Associations (VS&L).
 Improve WASH practices. Read More...

Resilient Livelihoods for the Poor Pilot Final Evaluation

This report presents findings from an evaluation of the DFAT-funded Resilient Livelihoods for the Poor (RLP) pilot program in Lao PDR. The evaluation was conducted by the Laos Australia Development Learning Facility (LADLF). It provides key lessons for future investments in the social protection sector in Lao PDR and elsewhere, and contributes to the literature on asset and social transfers in response to poverty reduction in Lao PDR.
The RLP pilot represents an investment of approximately AUD 8 million from January 2014 to July 2017. Its purpose is to improve sustainable livelihoods of poorest households through the provision of productive assets, short-term cash transfers, and technical support addressing care of assets, enterprise development, financial literacy, disability and gender. The RLP pilot targeted 1,200 households in four districts of Lao PDR, namely Xepon, Soukhouma, Mounlapamok and Lao Ngam. The actual implementation of the RLP pilot reached 1,190 households in the beginning of the pilot, which then decreased to 1,154 households at the end of the pilot in June 2017. [56 pages] Read More...

Northern Upland Promoting Climate Resilience Midterm Review

Climate change is increasingly felt by farmers in Phongsaly, the northernmost province of Lao PDR, who depend on weather for maintaining their livelihoods and ecosystems. A more unpredictable length, start and end of the rainy and dry seasons, stronger winds and storms, longer droughts but at the same time increased intensity of rainfall resulting in floods and localized landslides, and erratic temperature patterns with more severe cold and hot spells all heavily impact on livelihoods, people and natural resources. At the same time, farmers are positively as well as negatively influenced by other socio-economic influences such as infrastructure development, international and local market pressures, modernization of agriculture, hydropower expansion and increased connectivity.
Within this dynamic resilience context, CARE, CCL and SAEDA in partnership with local authorities are implementing the „Northern Uplands Promoting Climate Resilience’ (NU PCR) project, in 3 districts of Phongsaly province. Through targeted support on climate risk analysis and planning, gender-responsive livelihood and disaster risk reduction interventions, and research and documentation for advocacy and scaling, the project aims to improve the resilience of communities in 30 villages, directly reaching 1,500 farming households and indirectly more than 78,000 women and men. The project started in 2014 and will be implemented until March 2018.
The NU PCR project has commissioned a mid-term review to assess relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of the project strategies towards achieving the overall objective to date, assess how the project is integrating gender and how this can be enhanced to transform unequal gender relations. The review applied a participatory and strengths- based approach and used a variety of tools such as desk review, key informant interviews, reflection exercises and knowledge, attitude and practice mapping. It was conducted in February-March 2016. Read More...

Northern Upland Promoting Climate Resilience Baseline Report

Weather variability and long term climate change are not recent phenomena or unknown to farmers in Phongsaly, the northernmost province of Lao PDR, who live and thrive from weather-dependent agriculture and ecosystems. A more unpredictable length, start and end of the rainy and dry seasons, stronger winds and storms, longer droughts but at the same time increased intensity of rainfall resulting in floods and localized landslides, and erratic temperature patterns with more severe cold and hot spells all heavily impact on livelihoods, people and natural resources. At the same time, farmers are positively as well as negatively influenced by other socio-economic influences such as infrastructure development, international and local market pressures, modernization of agriculture, hydropower expansion and increased connectivity.
While adversity brings challenges, it also leads to change with farmers already demonstrating successful actions to confront disasters and climate change. Building on their variable capacities, shaped by factors such as gender, poverty, access and control over resources, governance and power imbalances, women and men from a diversity of ethnic groups generate responses and ideas to adapt to the effects of a changing social, economic and natural environment.
Within this dynamic resilience context, CARE, CCL and SAEDA in partnership with local authorities are implementing the „Northern Uplands Promoting Climate Resilience’ (NU PCR) project, in 3 districts of Phongsaly province. Through targeted support on climate risk analysis and planning, gender-responsive livelihood and disaster risk reduction interventions, and research and documentation for advocacy and scaling, the project aims to improve the resilience of communities in 30 villages, directly reaching 1,500 farming households and indirectly more than 78,000 women and men. The project started in 2014 and will be implemented until March 2018. [64] Read More...

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