Emergency|Humanitarian Aid

Assisting vulnerable food insecure household recovery from mid-season drought and erratic rainfall project for CARE international Zimbabwe – Final Evaluation Report

CARE International in Zimbabwe (CIZ) implemented a twelve months emergency intervention programme titled ‘Assisting vulnerable food insecure household recovery from mid-season drought and erratic rainfall’ in Gwanda and Beitbridge districts of Matabeleland South province. The programme that targeted 30 000 individuals (23% of the total population) went on to implement interventions under cropping, livestock and economic recovery activities and assisted the most vulnerable households (15% of total beneficiaries) with small livestock and small grains. These vulnerable households were targeted to recover from the impact of previous drought years, erratic rainfalls and mid-season dry spells aiming to prevent a potential decline into severe food insecurity. Read More...

EMERGENCY FOOD SECURITY PROGRAM: FINAL EVALUATION REPORT

This report provides the results of the final evaluation of the Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) implemented in twelve districts within the four regions of Sool, Sanaag, Galgaduud and Mudug that was conducted during July and August 2019.

Over and above the program performance parameters, the beneficiaries overwhelmingly indicated that the program had had significant positive impacts. The program was considered timely as it was delivered when beneficiaries were getting into months of food insecurity. When asked whether the cash transfer had improved their livelihoods, 93% of the household survey respondents reported that their livelihoods had improved, mainly in terms of improved purchasing power (93%), ease of meeting their basic needs (78%), better social status (22%), better and more recognition (17%), taking children to school (14%), access to healthcare (9%) and in other (non-described) areas (7%). In the household survey, 94% of the respondents received three cycles of the correct amount, whilst 5% who were targeted under the Rapid Response Fund (RRF) received two cycles enabling households to purchase their preferred foods, at least 25Kg of rice, 25Kg of sugar, 25kg wheat flour, 3kg of cooking oil, 10kg of pasta and some vegetables.

The program had a positive impact on the 52,299 households enrolled. The programme resulted in a reduction of distress coping strategies, with an average rCSI of 12.8 reducing from 20.4 at the program baseline. This supports the effectiveness of the program in enabling the beneficiaries to reduce the number of negative coping strategies that they were previously employing in order to meet basic household needs. In addition, as planned, all the households used the cash transfer to meet their basic needs, with 97% of them using the cash transfer to purchase food for the household, indicating that the cash intervention has directly contributed to the enhancement of the household food security during the drought. Trend analysis shows that throughout the program there was a downward trend of the rCSI scores, while there was an increase of household dietary diversity index to 20.4 compared to the baseline of 12.8. Similarly, an analysis of household hunger shows that in general the beneficiaries were experiencing little to no hunger, with only 13% experiencing moderate hunger and 86% of households experiencing little to no hunger. This again indicates that the programme has achieved positive outcomes.

While the evidence suggests that the program generated a number of positive impacts, across many domains, demonstrating effective and efficient implementation, and that the beneficiaries used the cash as per the original objectives of the program, households continue to faces challenges in their capacity to fully recover from the impacts of conflict and drought. Increasing the scale of interventions and developing additional holistic livelihood strategies for the target areas, creating linkages with market-based interventions and improvement in access to water, education and healthcare, experimenting with graduation models combined with local savings (VSLAs) were among some of the areas identified for improving future programming. A more detailed description of these recommendations is provided towards the tail end of the report. Read More...

WASH support to IDPs & host communities in Dohuk & Ninewa

CARE, REACH and Harikar solicited support from GAC to support their WASH intervention in four IDP camps (Chamishko, Essyan, Mamrashan and Sheikhan) and in host community collectives (Ardawan, Ba’adre, Kalakchi, Mahate and Ayas) in Dohuk and Ninewa from January 2017 to December 2019. The project also had an emergency response component in November 2017 in three neighbourhoods of West Mosul (Al-Mansour, Al-Jawsaq and Wadi Al-Hajar). The purpose of the final evaluation is to assess the post intervention situation in the targeted areas against baseline indicators. Furthermore, the study looked at the effectiveness and efficiency of the intervention to reach the expected outcomes. The study also considered criteria such as coverage and appropriateness to evaluate the quality of the intervention. Finally, the evaluation looked at some of the impacts of the intervention.
The final evaluation concludes that CARE, REACH and Harikar reached most of the expected targets during the project implementation. The evaluation team is confident that with the intervention of CARE, REACH and Harikar men, women, boys and girls have improved access to safe water supply (Outcome 100) and to safe sanitation facilities (Outcome 200) in the IDPs camps and also to some extent in the host communities. The evaluation team can also report that IDPs have had improved access to hygiene supplies in 2017 and 2018 thanks to the hygiene voucher system set up by CARE, REACH and Harikar (Outcome 300). Men, women, boys and girls also have improved access to information about hygiene as well as gender and protection both in the IDP camps and host communities (Outcome 300 and 500). The evaluation team collected mixed results however concerning the increased capacity of community actors, local NGOs & local authorities to provide timely WASH assistance to vulnerable IDPs and host communities that meet the differing needs of women & girls (Outcome 400). Due to the volatility of the context and the limited financial capacities of local authorities, the intervention failed to identify a strong exit strategy where local authorities would take over the services provided by CARE, Harikar and REACH with the support of GAC. Read More...

Rapport d’evaluation Finale du Projet de Soins de Sante Primaire et Protection/VBG

Le projet soins de santé primaires et protection VBG est un projet qui vise à fournir des soins de santé primaires d'urgence et une réponse à la violence sexiste aux communautés déplacées et hôtes avec un meilleur accès aux soins de santé primaires, dans les zones de santé de BUTEMBO et LUBERO, il comprend un volet accès à la réponse à la violence basée sur le genre, ainsi qu'à des messages sur la prévention des IST et des grossesses non désirées, la prévention de la violence sexiste, l'information et la prévention en matière de Santé Sexuelle et Reproductive, maladies d'origine hydrique, y compris la prévention du choléra.

Tous les indicateurs tel que défini dans le projet ont fait l’objet d’une analyse triangulée qui a permis de mettre en exergue l’état actuel (final) de chaque indicateur dans la zone de mise en oeuvre du projet comparativement à l’état initial des indicateurs lors de l’évaluation de base.

Ainsi dans le premier out come, soutient au système de santé, il a été constaté que toutes les structures ciblées par le projet ont été appuyées lors de la mise en oeuvre du projet, il s’est remarque une augmentation des consultations curatives à hauteur de 121667 grâce à l’appui accordé par le projet OFDA dans les différentes structures sous appuie, une réhabilitation de 6 structures et deux BCZS dans les deux zones de santé a été possible grâce à l’appui du projet, mais aussi une augmentation significative dans le rapportage des données épidémiologiques qui est passé de 83% lors de la Baseline à 93.1% après la mise en oeuvre du projet. Cette performance a été possible grâce à l’appui apporté par le projet à travers le renforcement des prestataires des soins de santé et des volontaires communautaires sur la surveillance et le rapportage des maladies communautaires.

Dans le deuxième out come, Santé de la reproduction, il a été constaté que toutes les structures ont connu une baisse de fréquentation de CPN, CPON et CPS suite à la situation de la MVE qui se vie dans les deux zones de santé, certaines structures ont été contraints à une fermeture temporaire suite au vandalismes des infrastructures sanitaires par la population de ces aires de santé ( environnement sanitaire dégradé, biens des FOSA saccagé , certaines structures brulés) résultats de la méfiance qu’à la population pour la riposte à la MVE, cela a fait que certaines femmes ne fréquentes plus le CPN et CPON et se fassent à coucher à la maison de la manière traditionnel au risque de mettre leur vie en péril.

Dans le troisième out come, maladies communicables, les structures ont rapporté une augmentation des cas des diarrhées, paludismes, IRA, cette augmentation est due au fait qu’à travers les sensibilisations faites à travers les activités du projet, et le renforcement des capacités des volontaires communautaires sur la surveillance communautaire (identification et rapportage des maladies communautaires courantes) plusieurs cas ont été rapporté et prise en charge dans les 22 structures appuyées dans les 2 zones de santé.

Dans le quatrième out come, (santé communautaire ; les résultats issus de cette enquête montrent que là plus part des RECOs identifiées ont été formé et sensibilisé sur la surveillance communautaire à travers plusieurs formations sur la prise en charge des maladies communautaires courantes, et à travers plusieurs dialogues communautaires Read More...

Inter-agency Response to Tropical Cyclone Gita Tonga

In response to the damage and the immediate needs of the affected population, taking in to account the expertise of the agencies, MORDI Trust Tonga (MORDI), Live & Learn Environmental Education (LLEE) and CARE Australia (CARE) formed a partnership to deliver humanitarian assistance on the islands of Tongatapu and ‘Eua.

The response program included assistance provided in the areas of shelter, WASH, food security and livelihoods, with an underlying focus on gender and social inclusion. Donor funding for the response program through CARE Australia included DFAT funding through the Australian Humanitarian Partnership, ECHO and the START Network. Additional grants directly to MORDI from Oxfam and Rotary/MFAT also formed part of the overall response program.
This report will aim to test the effectiveness and efficiency of the overall response program. Read More...

Tropical Cyclone Gita Response Program Evaluation

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita, a Category 4 cyclone, struck Tonga in February 2018. CARE, Live and Learn, and MORDI (‘the partnership’) responded to the immediate needs of communities on Tongatapu and ‘Eua islands, delivering emergency shelter and hygiene kits. In the recovery phase the partnership supported communities with shelter, repairs to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure, and food security and livelihood recovery efforts, including a specific project focused on the recovery priorities of seven women’s groups on ‘Eua island.

CARE commissioned this evaluation to assess the assistance provided through the response and recovery program in the first six months (February – August 2018). The evaluation focused on four main areas of enquiry: the partnership, the response, gender and inclusion, and localisation.

This report documents the findings from the evaluation and provides forward-looking recommendations for the partnership and for preparedness and future emergency response in Tonga. Read More...

Emergency Response for Drought Affected Households in Northern Afghanistan Project: Baseline Survey Report

CARE’s Emergency Response for Drought Affected Households in Northern Afghanistan (OFDA) Project has planned to assist 4,100 households in two Provinces (Balkh and Samangan) in Northern Afghanistan. This baseline study was conducted to establish baseline values for indicators of intended outcomes and collect information about the target group prior to intervention. Read More...

End-Line Assessments Report: Emergency Response for Drought Affected Households in Northern Afghanistan Project

CARE implemented Emergency Response for Drought Affected Households in Northern Afghanistan project since between August 2018 and August 2019. Initially the project was designed for a 12 months’ period, but the project received approval from donor for a no cost extension following CARE request for a month NCE in order to offset the setback experienced in identifying/selecting local partner’s for the project. The project, was therefore completed in 13-month timeframe.

The project was aimed at improving health, economic condition, hygiene behaviors and practices, and protection for the most vulnerable people affected by drought in Northern Afghanistan. Through this project CARE responded to humanitarian needs of 4,100 HH (24,600 individual) vulnerable IDPs and host communities affected by seasonal drought, including the most affected children in two selected provinces of Balkh and Samangan provinces. In addition, most vulnerable women headed household/their adult children received support through multi-purpose cash as well health, and hygiene awareness interventions.

This report summarize key findings and results of end line assessment conducted in the intervention areas targeted under the project in order to evaluate the project’s effectiveness and outcome achieved in comparison to the baseline situation. Read More...

ADDRESSING FOOD CRISIS IN YEMEN: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF EVALUATION

In 2017, in response to the one of the world’s worst manmade crises, a consortium of CARE and Action Contre la Faim (ACF) implemented a European Union (EU)-funded Multi-Purpose Cash (MPC) project in the Abyan and Amran governorates of Yemen. The project aimed to enhance food security and to support livelihood activities, savings groups, and the resilience of communities with the rehabilitation of critical, community-identified shared assets. The program design was aligned with the Humanitarian Development Nexus framework, which focuses on a shift from supplying humanitarian assistance to those who need it to reducing the demand for humanitarian assistance by addressing the root causes of these needs.

This brief gives an overview of the project evaluation. Read More...

Final Evaluation of Jordanian Community Development Support Program

This evaluation assessed the Jordanian Community Development and Support Program (JCDSP), which aimed to enhance the socio-economic well-being and quality of life for Jordanian host community members, especially for Jordanian women and young women and men (ultimate outcome). The Program was delivered by CARE Canada and CARE International in Jordan in two phases. Phase 1 spanned three years, from 2014 to 2017, and lent assistance to meet the most critical needs of vulnerable populations from communities in Irbid, Mafraq, Zarqa, and East Amman. Its objective was to augment and supplement overwhelmed government services brought on by the large scale migration of Syrian refugees within these four target communities. The Program’s second phase, lasting 18 months (April 2018 to September 2019), responded to the longer term challenges and opportunities as more and more of the Syrian refugees made the decision to permanently settle in these communities. Under this phase, the Program shifted focus from humanitarian assistance to women’s economic empowerment, social cohesion and safety net enhancements. Accordingly, under this second phase, only two out of the three intermediate outcomes were maintained. As part of the shut-down process of the Program, CARE Canada and CARE International commissioned this summative evaluation to look at the success and challenges derived from this process. Through the collection of primarily qualitative data and augmented with data collected by the Program, this evaluation: 1. Assessed the degree to which the program has achieved its outcome results (impact) and the relative relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of program activities to generate these outcome results as per the Program’s theory of change; and 2. Provide insight, analysis and recommendations to CARE Jordan, and the CARE federation regarding the strengths and challenges of the programming to inform and improve future programming. Read More...

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