Water

Evaluation Report of Community Led Sanitation in Odisha

There is a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure and unhygienic practices facilitate the transmission of pathogens that cause diarrhoea, which accounts for 2 million child deaths annually in the world, about half of them in India. Globally 1.1 billion people, including an estimated 638 million in India alone, practice open defecation (OD). This is inextricably linked to the very low availability and use of toilets. In India, the 2011 census indicated that less than half (46.9%) of households (HH) have latrines within their premises. Disappointing results from incentive driven government schemes for toilet construction and increased political commitment to sanitation led the Government of India (GoI) to elevate achievement of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status to a national mission in 2014. India aims to achieve ODF status by 2019 through a mix of strategies that include financial incentives for HH toilet construction, recognition and rewards for villages that become ODF, and community led initiatives to mobilise behaviour change. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is one such community empowerment approach. CLTS seeks to raise awareness of the faecal-oral contamination route, by capitalising on human emotions of disgust and shame to bring about community-wide change in defecation practices, with the ultimate goal of triggering entire villages to become ODF. [86 pages] Read More...

DEC Supported Emergency Response Project in Amran and Abyan Governorates, Yemen

Under the Yemen Crisis Appeal and with the support from Disasters Emergency Committee, CARE Yemen has been implementing two emergency response projects in Abyan and Amran Governorates of Yemen with the aim of responding to the WASH, food insecurity and Cholera/Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) Crisis. This report provides the findings of the evaluation of the two phases of the DEC funded emergency response projects in Sawyer districts of Amran Governorate, Yemen.
The overall purpose of this evaluation was to ensure accountability and identify lessons learned and best practices so as to feed into and inform the decision making process of the project stakeholders, including the donor, beneficiaries, and government counterparts. In addition, the evaluation aimed to objectively assess the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability of the project in light of its objectives and provide recommendations for future programming. Furthermore, the evaluation assessed how the project ensured accountability to affected groups, considering the commitments of the Core Humanitarian Standards, and how the project ensured quality of implementation vis-à-vis emergency response standards such as SPHERE. [72 pages]
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COMEQS SOLID WASTE PROJECT

CARE International in Zambia is an international NGO that has worked in Zambia for over 20 years, focusing on humanitarian response and development in rural and peri-urban areas. CARE has been implementing projects in the areas of health and HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health, water and sanitation, social protection, governance, education, gender equality, economic empowerment and environmental conservation among others. To achieve sustainability of its interventions and ensure true ownership in communities of the processes supported by our work, CARE Zambia works with existing community structures and engages participating communities to increase their capacities to be responsive to their own developmental challenges. [59 pages] Read More...

Enhancing Safe Water Supply and Solid Waste Management for the Vulnerable population affected by the Syria crisis in south Lebanon

For the water component, CARE International in Lebanon developed with good coordination mechanisms and collaboration with the different stakeholders, particularly South Lebanon Water Establishment and the municipalities. This great collaboration was very fruitful to identify the project objectives and the priority interventions on the water supply infrastructure. Both SLWE and the municipalities have positively received the collaboration and have shared available plans and data and have taken an active role in designing and selecting the interventions type and intervention areas. CARE met with the SLWE authorities to identify the most needed interventions in terms of access to water. The priorities shared by SLWE were discussed at WASH Sector level first in order to prevent overlapping among implementing agencies or intervention gaps. The municipal representatives were consulted to ensure alignment of municipal plans with SLWE’s plans. CARE WASH specialists examined the proposed options and discussed them with SLWE and with the municipalities in order to guarantee the impartiality of the selection, cost-effectiveness, and relevance to the mandate of the organisation. During the period of the enginnering design preparation done with Kredo Engineering, a change of the lines to be rehabilitated was raised compared to what was planned in the initial proposal and new targeted areas have been identified by SLWE in coordination with CARE WASH team to be included in the design package (see more details in R1). [42 pages] Read More...

DEVCO: Enhancing safe water supply and waste management for the vulnerable population affected by the Syria crisis in South Lebanon

The endline survey aims to analyse the project objectives and enable the measurement of several indicators relating to both project components –water and solid waste. [10 pages] Read More...

Mali Nutrition and WaSH Programs Mid-term Performance

The aim of this evaluation is to assess the effectiveness of IRP’s integrated nutrition strategy of combining nutrition, agriculture and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) to improve the nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women and of children younger than 2 years. USAID/Mali will use the findings of this evaluation to inform the implementation of the current integrated strategy and the development of future projects. USAID/Mali will further share the report with the Government of Mali (GOM) and development partners who may use it to inform their nutrition- related strategies. Read More...

Evaluation de Base “Dans Les Zones De Feed the Future” Nutrition et Hygiene

La présente étude restitue les résultats de l’évaluation de base dans les zones de Feed the Future nouvellement attribuées au projet USAID/Nutrition et Hygiène de CARE International au Mali dans les districts d’intervention de Mopti, Bandiagara, Bankass et Koro, région de Mopti. Un échantillonnage représentatif de 707 enfants de 0 à 59 mois, 480 femmes et 273 chefs de ménage, a été interviewé et mesuré sur les domaines suivants : l’agriculture, la santé, la nutrition et le WASH. Read More...

Quenching the Thirst Baseline

CARE and its principal partner, the Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR) in Somaliland, have just concluded implementation of a 30-month project titled Haraad Reeb, which was funded by BMZ – Germany Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development. The thrust of the project was to build the resilience of target communities against drought-related shocks. The project focused on rural semi-sedentary populations living in small village-towns and spread across the eastern regions – Togdheer, Sool and Sanaag. Some activities were also implemented in Sahil, Hargeisa and Awdal regions.
The project performance against set indicators was excellent; indictors were met or surpassed. Implementation effectiveness was evident in the wide coverage, beneficiary participation, gender considerations, coordination mechanism, and in monitoring and evaluation strategies. CARE-MoWR had a robust working relationship, outlined in a joint MoU and applied at all levels – national, regional, districts and village. CARE had sufficient, qualified and motivated project staff while MoWR attached an engineer to the project.
Backed by evidence, the project designers realized that insufficiency of investments is not the core problem facing the rural water supply subsector. The core problem was identified as poor strategies to support operation and maintenance of the established systems. Due to this problem, there has been little to show for millions of dollars that the INGOs and UN agencies have invested in the subsector over the last two decades (1995-2015).
At the policy level, the project addressed the institutional lacuna that has existed regarding community management of water systems. This was done by supporting the MoWR to develop the community water management manual. The evaluation found that the manual is a great step forward. However, it also found that the manual requires review, consensus, reediting and advocacy with a view to giving it a national appeal, acceptance and application. In particular, the proposed 3-person management unit is too restrictive and not adequate for inclusive and participatory regime. Read More...

Emergency Wash NFI & Shelter and Livelihood assistance for Disaster and Conflict Affected Household

Emergency Wash NFI & Shelter and Livelihood assistance for Disaster and Conflict Affected Household 2016-CA354 have implemented in seven targeted (Balkh, Ghazni, Paktya, Parwan, Kapisa, Khost and Kabul) provinces from the 16 March, 2016 to 30 April, 2018. The project have provide emergency assistance in mentioned provinces; but Cash and hygiene awareness interventions were implemented in Kabul and Balkh provinces according to the proposal. The project Post- Assessment report is revealed the impact of implemented five type interventions including CfW, UCG, Emergency shelter “Tent”, Hygiene awareness and Winterization during the second phase of project. The post assessment is done to analyze, measure and understand impact of assistance o livelihood status and health and hygiene conditions of IDPs, returnees, and vulnerable residents who affected by insurgency and natural disaster. The post- assessment aims to study appropriateness, effectiveness and coverage of provided assistances and explore respondents’ needs and requirement which are not considered yet. Findings of this assessment will be used to improve on the future planning of similar project to meet the needs of the most vulnerable population. Read More...

CARE International DEC Ebola Emergency Response project

Final evaluation of the International Ebola Emergency Response project that addressed the impact of Ebola on particularly water, sanitation hygiene (WASH) and health with funds from the Disaster Emergency Committee (UK) in the United Kingdom. (54 pages)
The project was concentrated in the northern region of Sierra Leone. The evaluation focused on assessing the overall impact of the CARE DEC project activities in relation to WASH and health within the context of Ebola Emergency Response delivery in the four districts. Findings are presented based the research objectives in line with key themes on the data collection instruments as well as qualitative interviews with stakeholders and project beneficiaries, including CARE Sierra Leone DEC project manager. Study limitations and recommendations as well as a management response by CARE to the main recommendations from the evaluation have also been included.
From the report, it is evident that there has been significant increase in beneficiaries’ knowledge, attitude and practice about the Ebola Virus epidemic at the CARE International DEC sites. Survey respondents and qualitative interview participants testified that many non-governmental organizations did different interventions to control and eliminate Ebola. CARE was mentioned in many areas as a major contributor to the control of the epidemic especially as concerns distribution of hygiene kits and WASH sensitization activities. Read More...

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