Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Improving Agricultural Production and Improved Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Drought Affected Populations in Masvingo Province (MERP)’ Project

In September 2018, Care International in Zimbabwe (CIZ) commissioned Keeptrack Consultants to conduct an End of Term Evaluation (EOTE) of the USAID-OFDA funded ‘Improving Agricultural Production and Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Project (MERP) in Bikita, Chivi and Zaka districts of Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe. Initially implemented from 2016-2017 in response to the El Nino induced drought, the project was granted a cost modification for the period 2017-2018 in order to respond to La Nina induced flooding. The extension came with an expansion of coverage from 15 wards initially to 18 wards in the same target districts in the final year. The goal of the project was, ‘To provide immediate assistance and recovery to drought affected populations in Masvingo Province through asset (livestock protection), access to water sanitation and hygiene as well as agricultural production. Project activities were aligned to three sectors namely Agriculture and Food Security Sector, Economic Recovery and Market Systems Sector and the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector.
According to the Terms of Reference (TOR), the purpose of the end of term evaluation was to assess and provide reliable end-line information on project performance against set parameters. The evaluation was also expected to include an analysis of appropriateness, timeliness, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. [57 pages]

Integrated Shelter and Protection Improvements Programme Evaluation Summary

The programme contributes to building resilience by:
• Increasing access to infrastructure through upgrading housing units and implementing neighborhood building and street upgrades;
• Increasing the knowledge of the residents about protection issues through supporting relevant interactive performances and delivering awareness raising sessions for adults and children;
• Improving the health of the residents through upgrading housing units, neighborhood building and street upgrades and running awareness raising sessions.
Further investigation is required to confirm if the programme contributes to building resilience by:
• Increasing community cohesion through establishing the neighborhood committees and running awareness raising sessions;
• Increasing connectivity between residents and external stakeholders through introducing the neighborhood committees to the municipality and CSOs. Read More...

Evaluation of the Integrated Shelter and Protection Improvements Programme for Syrian Refugees and Host Communities in Tripoli, Lebanon

Since 2015, Care International in Lebanon (CIL) and its local partner Akkarouna, have provided shelter, water and sanitation, and protection assistance to vulnerable Syrian refugees and Lebanese host community members in Tripoli and Beirut as part of its Integrated Shelter and Protection Improvements programme for Syrian Refugees and Host Communities (the ‘programme’). The programme is on going – with phase IV continuing from September 2018 to September 2019 – and is funded by the US Government’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM).
The aim of this evaluation is to ‘provide guidance to CARE Lebanon and its partners in order to learn from experiences, strengthen capacities and identify opportunities for increased integration of sectoral approaches as a pathway towards greater effectiveness and sustainability’. There are two objectives to the evaluation, firstly an assessment of Phase III of the programme (completed from September 2017 to August 2018); secondly a contribution analysis evaluation of Phases I, II, and III of the programme (from 2015 to 2018) in order to develop a theory of change. Fieldwork to collect primary data- interviews, focus groups and direct observation- was carried out in September 2018. This was combined with an extensive literature review in order to triangulate the data and refine the findings. [66 pages] Read More...

Promotion de l’Acces Aux Toilettes et Aux Emplois a Bouake et Katiola a Travers la Reutilisation des Boues et Des Urines (PATER)

La zone septentrionale de la Côte d’Ivoire se singularise par l’extrême pauvreté de ses populations et l’insalubrité de l’environnement urbain, exacerbées par l’absence d’investissement durant la décennie d’instabilité politique et de conflits armé 2002-2011. L’appel à propositions de la Facilité Africaine de l’Eau (FAE) en 2011 pour des projets d’assainissement autonome en milieu urbain défavorisé a été mis à profit par l’Union des Villes et Communes de Côte d’Ivoire (UVICOCI). Le projet s’appuie sur les leçons tirées des initiatives pilotes de CARE et de l’Agence intergouvernementale Eau et Assainissement pour l’Afrique (EAA) dans ces dites communes. L’exécution de ce projet permettra aux communes de Côte d’Ivoire, regroupées au sein de l’UVICOCI, de disposer d’une stratégie : (i) de promotion de l’accès des ménages aux toilettes adaptées et aux services de vidange des produits (urine et boues); (ii) d’amélioration des rendements agricoles et pour la promotion de produits bio par la réutilisation de ces produits de vidange traités comme amendements organiques (boues traitées) et en prévention de l’enherbement (urine) en substitution aux intrants chimiques (engrais et herbicides), coûteux et peu accessibles dans ce contexte de pauvreté accentuée; (iii) d’amélioration de la qualité de leur environnement; (iv) et pour le développement socio-économique et de création de nouveaux métiers et d’opportunités d’emplois pour les jeunes et les femmes grâce à l’émergence de micro-entreprises, spécialisées dans la gestion des toilettes et des produits de vidange. Read More...

Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Response to Support Drought-Affected Communities

The End line survey was carried out in five woredas/districts in Borena zone, Oromia regional state namely: (Arero, Dire, Dubluk, El-waye, Miyo & Teltele woredas). The end line survey intended to gather end line data regarding the current status of water supply, sanitation and hygiene coverage in the project implementation woredas that will used to compare the progress made at the end of the project period.
A total of 191 sampled households were involved in the study. Household level data has been collected from 12 kebeles located in 5 project targeted Woredas. From CARE side a total of 95 individuals (55 Female and 40 Male) and from ACF side 96 have participated in the end line survey. With regards to the type of respondents involved in the survey, majority (112) of them were mothers, 79 of them were fathers and. While the min-max age of respondents were between 16 to 80 years; the mean age of respondents was close to 43. Regarding the marital status of respondents, 154 of them are married & living together and majority of the respondents (close to 91 %) are either agro-pastoralist or pastoralist. [19 pages] Read More...

CARE International in Iraq Endline Evaluation Report Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic (MoFA Czech) Project

This project addresses critical needs for sanitation services in West Mosul, in coordination with local authorities currently overwhelmed by the scale of needs and requiring support, as a direct contribution to enabling affected populations to return home. The project will directly repair two vital sanitation resources/infrastructure in West Mosul. The project will support the municipal authorities to build their capacity to eventually recover their costs, once the situation allows. Finally, the project will mobilize local communities towards greater ownership of/appreciation for their local environment, to avoid the recurrence of such sanitation risks and maintain a cleaner, more habitable environment. Additional to mitigating myriad health risks related to poor sanitation in urban areas among highly vulnerable returnees seeking to recover, this engagement will serve to promote social cohesion and community participation among vulnerable populations affected by conflict.
CARE set a 4months as duration for WASH Project in Al-Thawra neighborhood in order to help and serve about 1166 family (about 7000 individuals) including host community and IDPs. Project is mainly about renovation of sewage system for pipes need to be repair and fix. Rehabilitate the drills caused by the battles of the last conflict and there is no governor attention to fix this issue. (15 pgs)

WASH support to IDPs & host communities in Duhok & Ninawa 2017-19

The project started in January 2017 to assist the IDP and host community vulnerable families in the areas of 4 IDP camps (Mamrashan, Essyan, Sheikhan, and Chamishko), and host community collectives (Ardawan, Ba’adre, Kalakchi, Mahate and Ayas) of Duhok Governorate and emergency response in November 2017 in West Mosul of Ninawa Governorate in three neighbourhoods named Al-Mansour, Al-Jawsaq and Wadi Al-Hajar. The project is being implemented through local partners Harikar and REACH; working through partners is a key modality of CARE’s country strategy to strengthen the capacity of local NGOs. This approach, through a previous Global Affairs Canada WASH project and the current one, had a significant impact in achieving the GAC aim of supporting vulnerable and conflict-affected people in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The ongoing WASH intervention aims to provide to 55,572 IDPs, host communities (27,318 women & 28,434 men) with access to water supply, safe sanitary facilities and increased awareness on safe hygiene practices in a dignified, gender-sensitive and culturally appropriate manner. (46 pages) Read More...


This End of Project Evaluation Report on the Community Driven Models for Equitable Services (COMEQs) solid waste project in four peri-urban settlements of Lusaka District (Chipata, Ng’ombe, Chaisa and Kanyama) starts by looking at the background and context of solid waste management and goes on to define concepts of waste, solid waste and solid waste management. It is very clear from several reports that Zambia’s current solid waste management system does not provide a clear roadmap on the management of solid waste as evidenced by piles of garbage lying uncollected in many major cities including Lusaka.
This End of Project Evaluation Report on the Community Driven Models for Equitable Services (COMEQS) solid waste project, was commissioned by CARE International Zambia, CARE UK, COMEQS Project Team and the key project stakeholders. The overall goal of the summative end of project evaluation is to inform stakeholders the progress and change that the project has made in the communities of the targeted peri urban settlements of Lusaka. (60 pages) Read More...


In Darfur, CARE has been focusing on providing assistance and support in the areas of health, nutrition, WASH, agriculture, food security, early recovery of market systems and peace building with various donors such as OFDA, ECHO, Dutch MoFA, UNDP UNICEF, WFP, and other private agencies.

CARE has been working through ECHO funding in East Darfur and South Darfur implementing emergency WASH activities since 2009. The 2018 funding covered the same areas of East and South Darfur as well as extension activities in South Kordofan, reaching refugees, IDPs and affected nearby host communities.

CARE International was able to sustain operation and maintenance of 6 water yards in Geredia (4 mortised and 2 solar pumps) and sustain O&M in Kalma (,6 solar pumps, one mortised system, rehabilitation of existing 12 water points and 9 hand pumps). In East Darfur, CARE contributed to the rehabilitation of one yards in Kairo for host community, O&M for 2 water yards in Kairo Refugees camps and 11 water distribution points in addition to 30 km of distribution network. CARE was able to construct and distribute 100 slabs household latrines in Gereida, and construction of 186 households’ latrine in Kalma camp. All details including hygiene promotion activities issues are reflected in the body of discussion.

Thanks to CARE’s actions, all water points visited were hygienic and protected from contamination with human and animals using separate water trough and drainage basins. The average water consumption per day is near 15 liters/consumption/day with proper distance. All plans were implemented as per the observation the team had in the visited sites and the reports received from the project staff and community representatives. In some cases, over plan accomplishment were reported.


Metas de Fase y Resultados para la Transferencia del Proyecto SABA

Índice :
Metas de fase 2015-2017 y POA 2015-2016
Resultados 2015 a junio 2016 sobre Meta de Fase
Gráficos Resultados sobre Metas de Fase por Actividades
Gráficos Resultados sobre Metas de Fase por Regiones
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