Final

Assistance en abris et protection contre les violences basées sur le genre aux ménages vulnérables parmi les nouveaux réfugiés et de la communauté hôte dans le Département de Bahr Sarah (Moissala) au Sud du Tchad

Présente au Tchad depuis 1974, CARE International est l’une des principales organisations internationales engagées dans la lutte contre la pauvreté et l’injustice sociale. Ses actions sont menées en faveur des populations les plus pauvres parmi lesquelles les communautés hôtes vulnérables, les réfugiés centrafricains et les retournés tchadiens de la RCA notamment dans les Provinces du Moyen Chari, du Logone Oriental et du Mandoul avec l’appui financier de ECHO, BPRM, START FUND, SAF-PAC, UNFPA, MOFA, UNHCR, etc. En effet, dans la zone de Moissala (Département Bar Sarah), le 21 février 2018, un afflux de nouveaux réfugiés en provenance de la RCA a encore été signalé et ce, dans une situation de vulnérabilité due à l’insuffisance des denrées alimentaires, des abris et d’ouvrages sanitaires et où les cas de violence sont récurrents. Ce qui a eu un impact significatif sur les moyens d'existence dans les villages d’accueil.
En réponse aux conséquences humanitaires de cette crise, CARE a obtenu l’appui financier de MOFA GERMANY pour la mise en œuvre du projet dénommé « Assistance en abris et protection contre les violences basées sur le genre aux ménages vulnérables parmi les nouveaux réfugiés et de la communauté hôte dans le Département de Bahr Sarah (Moissala) au Sud du Tchad ». Les besoins humanitaires pour lesquels le projet entend apporter sa contribution concerne trois secteurs majeurs à savoir les abris, les articles ménagers et la protection.
C’est dans ce cadre qu’il est prévu de réaliser cette évaluation finale interne afin de mesurer l’impact du projet, capitaliser les leçons apprises et formuler des recommandations pour l’amélioration des projets futurs.
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Projet : « L’Autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes dans le cadre du projet RESILAC/GENRE, financement DFID

Le projet « L’Autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes dans le cadre du Projet RESILAC» sous le financement DFID est une réponse aux besoins des populations déplacés et hôte de Bagassola, Nguelea 1 et 2, Bol afin de renforcer le genre. D’un coût total 561 000 €, il a été mis en œuvre pour une durée de 11 mois (juin 2019 – avril 2020). Il vise spécifiquement à renforcer le rôle et responsabilité de genre dans le cadre du projet RESILAC.
 Pertinences : Le projet a répondu aux attentes des bénéficiaires, il a contribué à modifier le regard sur le genre et a abordé la constructions sociales et des relations de pouvoir homme/femme, de la perception de leur place et rôle respectif au sein du ménage et de la communauté, le renforcement des mécanismes de prévention/protection et de prise en charge des violences basées sur le genre Formation en leadership pour les membres de groupements (AVEC, groupements de producteurs, groupes de femmes, etc.). Le projet a contribué à travers ses actions, au développement des Plans de développement Locaux. Il a été et reste novateur aujourd’hui dans la province.
 Impact : Le projet a permis de renforcer le cadre légal et institutionnel en matière de genre/VBG. En outre le projet a consolidé la synergie d’action entre les différents acteurs dans le cadre de la prévention et la prise en charge des cas de VBG. Dans le cadre de l’accès des victimes de VBG aux structures adéquates via la synergie d’action entre les acteurs humanitaires de la zone, l’on note aussi que le projet a contribué à la formation des acteurs et/ou les parties prenantes sur le VBG pour une meilleure offre de services et ou compréhension du thématique. Des stratégies de prévention et lutte contre les VBG ont été proposées et fournies aux bénéficiaires et aux services techniques déconcentrés de l’Etat dans la province. L’approche d’intervention des acteurs sur le système de remontée et de gestion de cas de VBG a été améliorée et l’évaluation note un début de changement. L’impact est positif sur les acteurs, notamment ceux des comités départements d’action (CDA) qui est une entité étatique composé des différents services déconcentrés de l’Etat dont le préfet préside les rencontres. Cette entité, veille sur les activités des acteurs humanitaires intervenants dans la zone, etc.

 Efficacité : L’appréciation de l’efficacité se basant sur l’atteinte des résultats à travers la comparaison des réalisations aux prévisions. Il ressort que les activités du Projet ont été réalisées avec un niveau d’efficacité très appréciable. En effet, au-delà de la pertinence de son approche et les résultats positifs obtenus par le projet, les témoignages des bénéficiaires et des acteurs impliqués dans la mise en œuvre corroborent cet état de fait.
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Strengthening the Economic Resilience of Female Garment Workers during COVID19 – Phase 2

This is the End of Project Evaluation Report for the Strengthening the Economic Resilience of Female Garment Workers during COVID19 – Phase 2 (SER) Project which was implemented in Phnom Penh, Kandal and Kampong Speu provinces. The Project commenced in July 2021 and concluded in February 2022. The goal of the project was to strengthen the economic resilience of female garment workers who are socially and economically marginalized in Cambodia to cope with the negative impacts of COVID-19. In order to conduct the evaluation, data was collected through a comprehensive literature review and fieldwork. The literature review was conducted reviewing reports and documents from the SER Project and also other relevant external publications. The evaluation interviewed 400 people and was conducted in January 2022.
• It should be noted that the project was not wholly a humanitarian type intervention project, which tend to have a short implementation period, rather the project had knowledge, capacity and resilience training elements which require a longer timeframe to implement. For this reason, as well as the delay to the start of the project and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, project staff were faced with a high workload within a challenging environment. Specifically, a longer time period would have given more time to prepare for project interventions such as the training, baseline and rapid situation assessment of the labour market. With more time the baseline and rapid situation assessment of the labour market could have been used to better tailor and inform the development of the training materials and curriculum.
• The focus on social protections in the project interventions was a relative new topic especially for factory workers, who are mostly only aware of the NSSF and the IDPoor. As highlighted as an unexpected result of the project, many project participants directing enquiries to local authorities about social protections. While local authorities are aware of social protections in general, they do not have detailed knowledge, especially since many social protections are administered at the national level and not at the village level. Therefore, more cooperation with local authorities should have been sought in order to prepare the local authorities for this situation.
• The delay in the signing the project’s administrative contract, caused the project to miss opportunities to use the findings of the baseline survey and the rapid situation assessment of the labour market to better inform the development of the project’s training activities.
• The evaluation found that while knowledge of GBV improved, the same was not the case for sexual harassment. Indeed, respondents who could not identify sexual harassment increased from 32% (114/356) at the baseline to 38% (139/362) at the endline. Project staff reported that this was not an unexpected finding as CARE’s previous sexual harassment projects had encountered similar such resistance to changing attitudes.
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Access Protection Empowerment Accountability and Leadership (APEAL) II project Endline Evaluation

The APEAL II project was a follow on project to APEAL I. The purpose of APEAL 2020 was to Enhance multi-sectoral responses by providing targeted life- saving protection, mental health, Psychosocial support and inclusive services to Congolese refugees and vulnerable host communities in Kyangwali and Kyaka II settlements. APEAL II deferred from APEAL I by; increasing the Consortium members from six (6) to nine (9) after incorporating three (3) organizations, programme scope included changes from GBV to SGBV, disability and Inclusion Services and strengthening the capacity of community structures. The community structures were strengthened to identify, respond, support and refer persons in need of MHPSS, comprehensive rehabilitation, disability and inclusion, protection and SGBV services. The Project operated in a COVID 19 environment which was not present in APEAL 1. As such, the project embedded a specific focus on COVID 19 response.
The European Civil Protection & Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) funded the Project with Euro3,462,889.15 spanning from May 01, 2020 to April 30, 2021.
The project targeted 40,000 beneficiaries split between Kyaka II and Kyangwali refugee settlements and distributed support to 20% of surrounding Host communities and 80% of Refugees. The APEAL II intended to achieve: Enhanced access to timely protection, SGBV, MHPSS and disability and inclusion services, Improved protection mainstreaming and strengthen the capacity of community structures, duty bearers and stakeholders, provide extra capacity in nutrition screening for young children, pregnant and lactating mothers and supportive advocacy for standards setting, and harmonized approaches to refugee protection and MHPSS at the national level.
The APEAL II project end line evaluation was conducted to assess change and impact by comparing data from before and after for APEAL Project implementation. The end line evaluation was constructed on a cross-sectional assessment of intervention focus area, the individual refugees and host community members. Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were applied with the former utilized to obtain information on project relevance, effectiveness and outcomes from Project key stakeholders including beneficiaries through key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Read More...

Enhancing Women’s Voice to STOP Sexual Harassment Final Evaluation – Myanmar

The Enhancing Women’s Voice to Stop Sexual Harassment project (STOP), an initiative of CARE Australia, has been working since 2017 to prevent and address the under-reported problem of sexual harassment (SH) in mainland Southeast Asia’s garment sector.
At the time of writing, STOP is the only initiative that addresses this issue on a multi-country scale within the sub-region. Operating across a pool of garment factories in four Mekong countries—Cambodia, Lao PDR1, Myanmar and Vietnam—STOP aims to enhance women’s voice and economic rights at both the national and factory levels. Based on a socio-ecological model of violence prevention, CARE Country Offices (COs) are working with participating factories to create workplaces where female workers feel safe and experience less SH through the implementation of standardised SH reporting mechanisms and rigorous training programs. Supported by CARE Regional staff, each CARE CO engages with relevant country, regional and international stakeholders to strengthen the national regulatory environment to promote laws, policies and mechanisms to address SH in the workplace.
In 2018, CARE Australia commissioned a consortium of researchers from UNSW Sydney and UNSW Canberra to undertake an independent evaluation the STOP project and provide a separate Social Impact Assessment (SIA) focused on Cambodia STOP as the particular case study. It is important to note that the SIA is intended to complement the findings of the Final Evaluation (FE) of the STOP, as implemented in the other three project sites. In this way, the SIA and the Final Evaluation should be read as two parts of a single whole.
The STOP project is evidence-based. This strength of evidence is reflected in the rapid review of evidence first published by CARE (Campbell and Chinnery 2018) in November 2018, which provides a comprehensive discussion of how to prevent and respond to SH in the workplace. The continued inclusion of evidence into the project cycle ensures that the STOP project is built on current best practice.
This report provides an overview of Final Evaluation findings of the full STOP project and evaluation findings relating to the STOP project in Myanmar. Read More...

EVALUATION FINALE DU PROJET « RENFORCEMENT DE LA RESILIENCE DES PASTEURS ET AGRO-PASTEURS POUR UNE SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE NUTRITIONNELLE DURABLE FACE AUX EFFETS DU CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE DANS LA PROVINCE DE BILTINE DANS WADI FIRA».

Le Tchad, de par sa situation géographique est devenu un lieu de refuge pour des milliers de réfugiés des Etats frontaliers (RCA, Libye Nigeria et Soudanais). De plus, en raison des conditions climatiques difficiles, de nombreuses régions du Tchad, parmi lesquelles celle de Wadi Fira, se retrouve confrontéé à des défis sociodémographiques et économiques. Il en résulte de cette situation des crises alimentaires récurrentes, une pression démographique, un accès très limité aux besoins de première nécessité de tous les groupes de populations, un manque de circulation de devise, une pression énorme sur les ressources naturelles, un accès limité aux surfaces arables cultivables, une réduction du niveau de production et d’auto-approvisionnement des populations, un espace de pâturage limité, etc. Face à cette problématique d’actualité, les impacts du changement climatique se font sentir dans l’agriculture, l’élevage, la santé, l’habitat et d’autres domaines quotidiennement. Les terres sont souvent sujettes à des effets ou impacts néfastes des changements climatiques comme la sécheresse, l’’inondation, l’érosion, les grands vents, la pauvreté, la chaleur atroce, la rareté des pluies, les pluies parfois abondantes, les conflits auxquels s’ajoutent l’insécurité.
C’est pourquoi, CARE International, à travers ses trois piliers programmatiques, a à son portefeuille plusieurs projets parmi lesquels le projet « Renforcement de la résilience des pasteurs et agro-pasteurs pour une sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle durable face aux effets du changement climatique dans la province de Biltine dans Wadi Fira ». En effet, il convient de noter que ce projet vise à contribuer à une amélioration durable des conditions de vie vulnérables de cette partie de la population en besoin d’assistance dans cette partie du Tchad. Il importe de préciser que ce projet a pris en compte la sécurité alimentaire, la nutrition, la santé, le genre, la consolidation de la paix et le WASH grâce à l’appui financier du Gouvernement Allemand.
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HBCC (Hygiene and Behavior Change Coalition) Project: Inclusive Communities – Changing behaviors to respond to COVID-19

The “Promoting safer hygiene practices for women and girls to remain safe and live better lives project has been implemented between the 23rd of July 2020 and the 31st of August 2021 through CARE International in Jordan and funded by Unilever-UKAID HBCC (Hygiene Behaviour Change Coalition). The project’s overall objective was to support the most vulnerable women and girls in conflict communities, refugee, asylum and host populations within the Syrian crisis region to improve their key hygiene behaviours and be better equipped to protect themselves from COVID-19 transmission through mass awareness, interpersonal communication and digital media communication.
CARE Jordan implemented a package of multiple interventions which includes mass media, digital communication, and in some cases targeted face-to-face interactions complemented by the provision of hygiene and dignity kits to promote key hygiene behaviours of the targeted beneficiaries. The mass media and digital campaign, which targeted community members who live in Amman, Zarqa/Azraq town, Irbid, Mafraq, and Azraq Refugee Camp, but also reached beyond these areas in particular with the mass media intervention; focused on a variety of messages in line with the national/local Health Service approved guidelines as well as some of the Unilever Global assets like the PASSWORD Campaigns, Snake and Ladder game, and Mobile Doctorni. Messages covered issues of prevention, protection, safety, security and where to seek early support when showing signs and symptoms of COVID-19. Read More...

Dili Flood Response Program 2021 Evaluation Report

Heavy rains across Timor-Leste from 29 March to 4 April 2021 resulted in flash floods and landslides particularly affecting the capital Dili and the surrounding low-lying areas. Responding to the floods, CARE Timor-Leste mounted a rapid emergency response with ECHO funding and proceeded to develop an integrated shelter strategy responding to the acute needs of those affected by the floods.
CARE supported the families who were impacted by implementing an innovative program of community-led recovery projects rehabilitating and repairing the community infrastructure, an emergency distribution of food and other essential items in line with the findings of a consultative gendered shelter assessment. In parallel, CARE played a key role in the development of a national Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaign around safer home construction that included distributing a shelter IEC campaign through CARE’s longstanding educational Lafaek magazine.
This support directly benefitted 203 vulnerable households through emergency distributions, 2,500 people living in 10 Aldeias in Manleuana through community infrastructure projects and 103,000+ households across Timor-Leste reached with safer home construction information included in the Lafaek community magazine. Read More...

RANO WASH Final Evaluation

Rural Access to New Opportunities in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (RANO WASH) is a five-year
$30 million bilateral United States Agency for International Development (USAID) water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activity in Madagascar. Its period of performance is June 2017 to June 2022. CARE International leads the consortium implementing the project, and sub-awardees include Catholic Relief Services (CRS), WaterAid, BushProof, and Sandandrano. The program aims to reach 250 rural communes in six high-priority regions of Madagascar: Vatovavy Fitovinany, Atsinanana, Alaotra Mangoro, Amoron’i Mania, Haute Matsiatra, and Vakinankaratra. RANO WASH is built around three interconnected strategic objectives (SOs):
• SO 1: Strengthening the governance and monitoring of water and sanitation
• SO 2: Increasing the engagement of the private sector in the delivery of WASH services
• SO 3: Accelerating the adoption of healthy behaviors and the use of WASH service

The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) project completed a mid-term evaluation between April and August 2021 to assess whether the approaches employed and activities undertaken are successfully contributing to the program’s goal of increasing equitable and sustainable access to WASH services.
Overall, the Evaluation Team assessed the program to be complex, ambitious, and innovative; perceived positively by a large majority of stakeholders; and seen as a sector leader. While water supply provision through the public private partnership (PPP) model is substantially off-track, there are plausible reasons for these delays, and important lessons to be learned. Sanitation results, particularly regarding Open Defecation Free (ODF) status, are above target Read More...

A Lifesaving GBV, Women’s Leadership, and SRMH Support for Refugees, in Uganda, Arua District, West Nile ENDLINE EVALUATION – FINAL REPORT

CARE International in Uganda commissioned an endline evaluation to establish the performance of the GAC 3 project on outcome indicators and related information to determine reasonable targets and guide for assessing the outcomes of the project interventions. This report presents the results of the end term evaluation for the GAC 3. The results are from the two sampled refugee settlements of Rhino and Imvepi in Madi Okolo and Terego District formerly Arua District in West Nile Uganda. Overall the end term evaluation survey reached a total of 280 household respondents (186F, 94M) within both settlements.
Fieldwork was conducted for five days, using mixed quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis methods. Quantitative data was obtained through a household survey using mobile data collection devices. A detailed questionnaire was developed, pre-tested for incorporation of relevant information. Primary qualitative data was obtained through six Focus Group Discussions (involving women, girls, boys and men) and twenty Key Informant Interviews that comprised of GAC 3 project staff, district local government officials, health workers, health partners, Office of the Prime Minister, among others. Qualitative data from mainly key informant interviews and FGDs were analyzed using thematic analysis techniques and the findings were used to strengthen the interpretation of the quantitative findings.
The end line evaluation findings indicate that there is improved feeling of safety and dignity. This was measured at household and community level. There was an improved feeling of safety and dignity as shown by the survey at 91% (92%F, M89%). Further interrogated, the respondents indicated that they felt safe at both household and community levels. At the community level people feel safe at 86% (86%F, 86%M) and at the household level they feel safe at 93% (94%M, 91%F). The study findings indicate men as change agents and as clients in relation to Gender Based Violence (GBV) seem to have been successful exhibited by the high values. Read More...

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