Study on the sustainability of GRAD structures and outcomes

This study conducted by PDCR aims to better understand the sustainability and functionally of the processes and elements of GRAD-I as well as the different actors and structures supported and established by the project. And as such this report will focus on VESAs, household/value chains, agro-dealers, FEMAs/Cooperatives, micro-franchise, multi-stakeholders platform and access to finance after the project ended and will cover the period from December 2016 until September 2019.

The Graduation with Resilience to Achieve Sustainable Development (GRAD) project (hereafter referred to as the project) was a five-year USAID-funded project which began in December 2011 and ended in December 2016. Its strategic objective was to graduate a minimum of 50,000 chronically food-insecure households from the Ethiopian Government’s (GoE’s) Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP). Additionally, it aimed to increase each household’s income by $365 by the project’s fifth year in 16 Woredas in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR). During the implementation of the project combined “push” and “pull” model into a complete and integrated package of interventions and within this model the project at times established and/or the above-mentioned actors.

Accordingly, desktop reviews of relevant documents including the project final evaluation, suitability and exit plan as well as a variety of reports were undertaken. The study team collected quantitative and qualitative information from 330 VESAs, 1,066 households, 188 saleswomen, 21 agro-dealers, 31 FEMAs/cooperatives. Furthermore, it consulted with representatives from multi-stakeholder platforms groups, Woreda FSTF, MFIs/RuSACCOs and participating wholesalers linked to the project.
Key findings:
56% of the VESAs established and supported by the project are still active as members were able to benefit from their membership, improve their saving and loan management, improve loan repayment mechanisms, were able to share out on time and at critical times, have structured and transparent management committee. These groups develop their members’ social capital, have a strong sense of trust, have benefited from their family’s support. The active VESA have reasonable membership size, common interest and have managed receive continued support.
42% of the VESAs established are inactive as members lost confidence and the interest right after the project ended. Members did not clearly understand the value of the VESAs, some faced internal conflicts, others such as the groups in Sidama and Gurage Zones were affected by drought and security issues. Overall, the inactive VESAs have received less support especially those established in the later part of the project. On a positive side, in Tigray few groups dissolved their VESAs as there was no needed since they now have started saving at banks and can access credit from MFIs.
2% of VESAs have transformed into RuSACCOs. Those who managed to this transformation was encouraged by some of their members who already were also member to a RuSACCO. The VESAs were not encouraged due to RuSACCO’s principle that supported individual membership to join already established RuSACCOs; and groups would rather retain their VESA as they feel they have full control and do not want to lose their social capital.
Active VESAs were formed on a voluntary base and were given adequate briefing about the purpose of the group. In contrast, the inactive VESAs members were mainly selected and groups were formed by project staffs.
Active VESAs remained together and have not sought to split into smaller groups as they value the social capital created within the group and prefer to work as a one team. Dissimilarly, 53% of the currently inactive groups did separate to form smaller groups, mainly due to internal conflicts, dissatisfaction regarding members selection methods and lack of management skills amongst the leadership.
Across all study areas, all VESAs were found have bylaws and in the case of Tigray and Amhara regions, some groups internally agreed and have amended their bylaws articles related to saving amounts, loan repayment mechanisms and interest rates reflecting their needs.
Active VESAs have successfully built social cohesion, capital, are a safe and fertile environment for training, social and cultural norms discussion platforms that may impede development drives and contribute to food security (e.g. gender inequality, infant feeding practices, etc.).
On average 61% of the active VESAs have been able to increase their savings size while only 13% reporting a decrease. Those who reported a decrease was directly associated to their inability to save as family expenses have escalated and they were unable to generate more income in order to save.
In all the study areas, the groups have paid share out every year in May and June. Their average value of liquid savings during the last share-out was 28,282 Birr with an average group share out of 1,444 Birr ($51) and an internal loan size of 26,649 Birr.


POST PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY STUDY OF SETU09CARE Bangladesh implemented (2009-2015) Social and Economic Transformation of the Ultra Poor (SETU), under the EEP/SHiREE program funded by former UKaid from the Department for International and the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation in four districts: Ranpur, Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat and Nilphamari of the Northwest region of the country that is severely affected by seasonal food insecurity. The design of SETU was structured around CARE's Criteria and threshold of calculating multidimensional poverty livelihood opportunities; social inequalities playing out different forms of exploitation, dependence, discrimination, and marginalization; and weak governance at all levels resulting in lack of participation of extreme poor and poor people in Union Parishad and local development processes.This PPS study of SETU aims to assess how and to what extent the graduation model sustains in later years; and the factors that determine sustainability or lack thereof in the same population group. The study followed the same area and sample (418) households of SETU’s end evaluation study and included 95% of households who graduated and 5% of HH who have not graduated. Read More...


CARE Nepal and Handicap International implemented a community-based disaster risk reduction project called VISTAR-II in Kailali, Dadeldhura, Kanchanpur, and Dang districts under the DIPECHO-VIIII cycle. This project was for a period of 22 months from March 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016. The project aimed to strengthen the resilience of communities and institutions to natural disasters through building leadership and management capacities from the community level to the national level. After five years of the VISTAR-II intervention, a Post Project Sustainability Study was carried out in two randomly selected intervention districts, namely Kailali and Kanchanpur. out of the four districts. Read More...

Sustaining Women’s Livelihoods: Stories of Recovery 7 Years Post-Haiyan (Yolanda)

From July 2014 to November 2016, CARE Philippines launched Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), a women-targeted livelihood recovery programming that worked on women's entrepreneurship development. The project assisted the beneficiaries from the most vulnerable households affected by Typhoon Haiyan to establish sustainable livelihoods to help them secure their basic needs, generate employment and other economic opportunities by contributing to long-term solutions of addressing social and gender inequality and increasing the resilience among women. Read More...

Informe Final del Proyecto “Combatiendo la Anemia en el Centro Poblado de Cieneguillo Centro en Sullana II”

CBC PERUANA S.A.C, en el marco de su contribución para el Desarrollo Social del país, ha promovido y financiado el proyecto Combatiendo la Anemia en el Centro Poblado de Cieneguillo Centro en Sullana como parte de su programa de responsabilidad social. El Proyecto aportó a la mejora de las condiciones de vida de las poblaciones del área de influencia de la empresa. La finalidad del proyecto fue, a través de diversas acciones, contribuir a mejorar el estado de salud general de los niños menores de 36 meses en la Región Piura. Por encargo de CBC, CARE Perú es la Institución responsable de la ejecución de la cuarta fase del proyecto, en el período de 2019 a diciembre 2019.
Para el 2019, el objetivo de CBC de la mano de CARE Perú, se orientó a lograr la sostenibilidad de todas las acciones desarrolladas en la fase previa del Proyecto (2018), de manera que las estrategias sean efectivamente apropiadas por las autoridades locales y regionales, especialmente en el marco del cambio de gobierno. Por ello, la incidencia política en los nuevos representantes.

This is a summary on anemia indicators in Cieneguillo village. This report shows the statistical processing of indicators, the tests applied to validate the information such as: T-student test, Wilcoxon, Chi-squared and Anova. Read More...

Aprendemos +, Crecemos y Emprendemos Siempre

El presente documento describe los resultados de la evaluación final de la propuesta de Implementación del Servicio Educativo en IIEE multigrado de Amazonas y Cajamarca realizado por encargo de CARE Perú con el propósito de medir el impacto y resultados del proyecto; así como los efectos logrados en los escenarios donde se implementó la intervención.

Este proyecto ha sido ejecutado por CARE Perú y el Ministerio de Educación -MINEDU a través de un acuerdo que busca desarrollar una propuesta para mejorar el servicio educativo rural, con el fin de contribuir al logro de los aprendizajes a través de la innovación educativa. El periodo de ejecución del proyecto ha sido entre los meses de agosto a diciembre del 2019 en 59 IIEE focalizadas por el MINEDU, en el ámbito de 5 UGEL, localizadas en las regiones de Amazonas y Cajamarca, y dirigida a 1215 estudiantes, 96 docentes y 59 directivos. La propuesta basa su intervención en tres componentes: Pedagógico, de gestión y soporte. Read More...

Uganda Post-project Replications of savings groups VSLA in uganda

This 55 page report highlights findings of a study that looked at CARE and CRS programs and how VSLA... Read More...

Filter Evaluations

Clear all